Our universe is immense, so knowledge in the field of cosmic bodies are expanding every day. Scientists now and then discover new stars and planets that move at tremendous speeds, are characterized by a unique temperature, climate, geolocation, and other factors. Did you know that in space there are extensive clouds, which have a specific smell of alcohol (rum) or raspberries?
So far sufficiently studied was the only planet in the Solar System, even though they have many differences. Here only the knowledge of the average student does not go beyond this system, which is a pity, because other planets hide in themselves a lot of amazing facts, and, perhaps, one day, we can find alternative life.
Let's look at 10 mysterious planets of our Universe, which were discovered in recent decades and is still actively studied by scientists.
10. Hell planet
Getting an overview of the planet from the Hell – here is not very optimistic title. It is located at a distance of about two dozen light-years from us. In many respects, including size and orbit, the planet resembles our Earth, so interested scientists. In theory people could develop her land, only hellish conditions do not allow, because the average temperature on the planet reaches 40°C, while on our around 17. Hellish surface temperature arises from the fact that she is facing the red dwarf. If the person would be in the illuminated space of the body, for seconds to burn, but in the dark, on the contrary, will freeze.
9. The black planet
Giant size reaching Jupiter, is a gas conglomerate. It revolves around one of the large stars, which resembles the size of our Sun. Is black planet at a distance of as much as 750 light years and is characterized by the fact that reflects only 1% of the light stars. This makes it the most black of all known planets, because it is capable of reflecting light is 4 times worse than charcoal. The outer surface of the body was blacker than the most rich glossy acrylic paint. The temperature of the planet may reach nearly 1000 degrees with a plus sign.
8. The planet of burning ice
Has a romantic name in the style of "Game of thrones" and located from our relatively "close" at a distance of 33 years of space in the famous constellation of Leo. In size it approaches Neptune and another 22 times heavier than our planet, and the radius exceeds more than 4 times. Located close to the star, making a turn for 2.64 days. Interestingly this cosmic body that consists mostly of liquid, which when heated the surface up to 300°C turns into hot ice. Gravity on the planet puts pressure on water, reducing the size of its molecules, so that even high temperature transforms it into steam and forces to remain in the solid state.
7. Diamond planet
The first planet was discovered only 14 years ago. In size it is larger than ours 2 times, and mass in 8 times due to the unique geological and chemical composition of the surface. It belongs to the class of "Supertall". The planet rotates around its own star, making a turn of almost 18 hours. The main element of the surface structure is carbon, from which graphite is mined and, of course, crystalline diamonds. According to estimates, the planet is one-third consists of deposits of this precious stone. I think many wealthy global families have already appeared the idea to make the first interstellar flight on it's outer body, after all, quite an expensive mission will be recouped many, many times. By the way, the planet is relatively close to Earth – 40 light years.
6. Planet Osiris
This cosmic body is "tilted" from us at a distance of 153 light years and is located in the beautiful constellation of Pegasus. According to preliminary calculations, it is a third more than the Jupiter, but orbit is quite small – only 10 million kilometers (that's one eighth of the diameter of the orbit of mercury). The temperature on the planet reaches 1.5 thousand degrees and the sum with a huge pressure that creates a unique atmosphere. Osiris consists of a gas of clusters that overcome the gravitational field and can gain a tremendous speed. Therefore, during the motion of the planet for her is the "tail" of gas accumulations. Scientists estimate that complete evaporation of gases from the planet's surface and the termination of its existence, it may take trillions of years.
5. Planet with incredibly huge system of planetary rings
Was discovered only 6 years ago, and people published data only 2014. Located at a distance of 434 light-years and, according to some estimates, is either a brown dwarf or a gas giant. It orbits its own star, which is also subgiants. Equipped with a developed system of planetary rings by the type familiar to us from Saturn, only their number exceeds approximately a few hundred times. Scientists have counted about 37 rings with radii of about 90 million km from the planet is relatively young, so the ring system is a kind of "encyclopedia" to study the satellites of the gas giants.
4. The Planet Methuselah
Almost 2.5 times larger than Jupiter. Is near a system of 2 stars inside of the constellation Scorpio, which includes a white dwarf and a pulsar. Methuselah is located far from Earth at the distance of 12.4 thousand light years. Around its own stars cosmic body completes the turnover as much as a century. Many believe that Methuselah is the oldest celestial body in the Universe, which threatens the reorientation of the knowledge of astrophysicists. It is estimated the age of Methuselah – about 12.7 billion years (that is, 3 p. older than the Earth), and it is a billion years younger than the Universe. How can that be, because then presumably there were no materials to make it.
3. The easiest planet
Despite its size, this giant gas accumulations is one of the lightest planets, with an average density of 290 ± 30 kg/m3, which is significantly less than that of the Earth. Removed at a distance of 450 years of space. Weight is up to 60% of the weight of Jupiter despite the fact that the diameter exceeds by more than a third. Scientists speculate that this cosmic body will be able to swim in the liquid, if it were possible to build a suitable "reservoir".
2. Planet stone rain
Located 490 light years from our planet. Considered super-earths with a radius that exceeds the performance of the Earth 1.5 times, and the weight, in turn, more than 7 times. The outer body turns around its own luminaries for 20 hours. It is assumed that previously it was a gas giant, but close star led to the evaporation of light elements of the surface, leaving only heavy, like stones. Also the planet is tidal locked, which turned to the star with one side only. Her temperature may rise to 4 thousand degrees, causing the atmosphere of the cosmic body consists mostly of molten rock. That is, the illuminated side – a veritable ocean of magma, but of dark stone fall rains.
1. The lonely planet
This alone is at a distance of 96 million km from its star, so the light reaches the surface for 89 hours (in the case of the earth and the Sun, the figure is only 8 minutes). Space object is a gas giant, relatively young (age about 13 million years). First discovered 5 years ago in the constellation the southern Cross. From us separated by a distance of three hundred light-years.
During the existence of our civilization people have already counted a few thousands of exoplanets, and this number is annually updated with new instances, which allows us to know the Universe and its mysteries.