Today we can confidently say that people live in an amazing world. Our planet harbors a large number of secrets and mysteries, which few people know. The world is unique, it is possible to find the organisms that are at all uneasy, these beings considered immortal, they are not threatened by exposure to high or low temperatures, radiation. Climate change not in a good way they also are not terrible. Next, you can see a list of the most tenacious and persistent of amazing creatures, some of them are microscopic, while others can be called giants.
10. Wood Veta
One of the most tenacious big and heavy insect in the world is woody Veta. Externally this animal is similar to a grasshopper, but its weight is 70-80 g, lives in New Zealand. In the blood composition of the giant answers a protein that prevents it from clotting. Insect thanks to this feature are able to survive at very low temperatures, in which the brain and other organs are shutting down, and the blood continues to circulate. After the temperature will return to normal, Veta leaves the sleeping state.
Some of the unpleasant and known associates of the human – cockroaches are also considered to be centenarians. Numerous studies have shown that this insect, even when he was without a head, can survive for two weeks. This is because the blood circulation of the cockroach has nothing to do with his brain. Breathing insect through holes located around the trunk. Life in the body of a cockroach is supported on the food that was eaten earlier. The loss of brain parasite, the function of the nervous system begin to run ganglion cells.
Tihohodka has microscopic dimensions, but this does not prevent it to remain one of the most resistant organisms on the planet. The animal lives in water and belongs to the representatives of microscopic invertebrates, relatives to the arthropods. They were found in 1773 and was called "little water bear".
Tihohodka not afraid of exposure to high or low temperatures, can exist in almost any climate, able to withstand high doses of radiation, survive in the vacuum of space and to be without water for ten years.
7. The bacterium Deinococcus radiodurans
The bacterium is the most resistant microorganism to the effects of ionizing radiation. For the first time a bacterium found in canned meat that was exposed to gamma radiation in order to study the sterilization process. Habitat specific microbe has not, it was discovered how elephants in the litter and in the soil and in the Arctic glaciers.
Today, the bacterium studied with the aim of further use for bioremediation of radioactive waste.
6. Immortal jellyfish
Immortal jellyfish (Turritopsis nutricula) famous people as one of the most tenacious animals. After she is sexually Mature, it turns back into a polyp and begins to grow again. The life cycle of jellyfish can be called infinite.
For the first time this form of life was discovered in the waters of the Caribbean sea. Her study of personal interests took Italian Explorer, who discovered its uniqueness. Studying the body, he came to the conclusion that Medusa can't die from old age, she dies as a result of eating it with a predatory denizen of the waters.
5. Bowhead whale
The bowhead or polar whale, according to scientists, is one of the oldest mammals on the planet. Inhabits the species of whales in the cold seas of the Northern hemisphere. Researchers have discovered individuals of these animals, whose age has reached more than one hundred and even two hundred years, although the average duration of life is from 20 to 60 years.
The most famous survivor, among the Arctic whales was Bud, it is believed that he lived for 245 years. Besides it was still discovered whales of this species, whose life expectancy was 91, 135, 159 and 172. In the bodies of mammals was discovered part of the harpoons, whose age dates back hundreds of years.
4. Fish Lang
Fish lang is one of the unique creations of nature, refers to rare species of dipnoan fish. Externally, this creature looks like or how many fish and how much for a Salamander, he has a highly developed system of breathing.
The lung fish lives in ponds and eats small fish and crustaceans, if for any reason, the water begins to dry up, then she lies on the bottom, scored his mouth with mud, begins to secrete mucus from the skin that forms around the body in a kind of cocoon, in this form, the creature can do without liquids for up to four years. When the drought passes and the reservoir is filled, the fish are coming back to life.
3. Sea bass
Rockfish (Sebastes aleutianus) is one of the fish is the inhabitant in the sea. Her life is at a depth of 160-170 meters of the ocean, the size range is from 20 cm to 1 m. Grows and develops sea bass very slowly, ready to breed soon becomes, his life expectancy could be 200 years or more.
Vestimentifera are two-meter worms that live on the bottom of the sea where it's dark and the pressure is up to 260 atmospheres. To live these creatures prefer around hydrothermal vents, which has water heated to 400 degrees or more, and faults of the earth's crust on the ocean floor. Of the mouth and intestines they have, they eat with the blood system delivering them the symbiotic bacteria from water with hydrogen sulfide.
Land tortoise (Testudinidae) is considered one of the most long-lived animals on Earth. Scientists believe that the species of these turtles have an average lifespan of 150 years. But the world knows the history of tortoises on behalf of Adiga. First she lived at home at the English General, and then went to the zoo, where he lived for another 130 years.
The death of the animal occurred as a result of cracks in the shell. Then the scientists examined its shell and came to the conclusion that Adiga lived approximately 250 years.