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10 most important dates in the history of Russia


The history of Russia is full of events that influenced the development not only of our people. Many of them have tremendous value for some global processes. In our story had everything: war, revolutions, Palace coups, conquests and exploration of new territories, the great upheaval, and no less a great achievement.

Here is the top 10 most important events that significantly influenced the course of history and development of the Russian state.

10. 1380 the battle of Kulikovo

This battle occurred between the army of Dmitry Donskoy and the army of Mamaia. Kulikovo battle is a key event which contributed greatly to the defeat of the Tatar-Mongol yoke. The victory of Dmitry Donskoy inflicted a huge blow to the Golden Horde, which at that time kept in awe and subordination of almost half of the world. The famous tale goes that just before Kulikovsky battle, there was a duel Russian hero Peresvet and Chelubey Pecheneg, which was required by the tradition of the era.

9. 1598-1613 the time of Troubles

If one word can be to describe a particular period in history, the Time of Troubles that decline. This period was memorable as a time of all sorts of disasters, economic and political crisis, to the many incursions of foreign armies on the territory of the Russian Empire and the endless struggle for the throne. And it all lasted for 14 years until his ascension to the reign of the first king of the Romanov dynasty.

The beginning of the time of Troubles is considered to be the death of the last representative of the Rurik entitled legally to claim the Russian throne. This began a fierce struggle for power, which was conducted mainly by intrigue.

8. 1700-1721 great Northern war

The great Northern war, or as it is called Twenty lasted for more than two decades. In this military conflict, the Swedish army was opposed by a coalition of Nordic countries. They fought each other for the right of possession of the Baltic lands. Ended the war with a crushing defeat of Sweden, resulting on the political map of Europe, new Empire — the Russian, which had access to the Baltic sea. The capital of this state was St. Petersburg, built on the Western border where the waters of the Neva river empties into the Baltic sea.

7. 1703 Foundation Of Saint Petersburg

This momentous event occurred on 16 (27) may, 1703. This extraordinary city was destined for nearly 200 years to be the capital of the Russian Empire. Now it is limited to a modest and honourable title of cultural centre of our vast country.

The name of their Saint-Petersburg is obliged to St. Peter's heavenly patron Saint, the founding father of the city of Peter the Great, after all it was his idea to build a wonderful, unprecedented in Russia, a city that in its grandeur was to surpass all European capitals. However, very few citizens genuinely supported the king in his idea, because of the harsh Northern climate, and moorland, and the proximity with the eternally warring States of the neighbors have given them faith in the success of this enterprise. But, as he loved to repeat himself Peter the First: the unprecedented happen!.

6. 1755 the Moscow University establishment

First, the opening was planned in 1754, but the preparatory work was delayed, so the event had to be postponed for a year.

The decree establishing the University was signed on 24 January 1755. Prior to this, on 23 January, the day when the Orthodox Church celebrates the day of Saint Martyr Tatiana, was approved the draft on the establishment of Moscow University, thanks to student Day this day is celebrated in Russia as students ' Day. The very same Holy is the patroness of all students in higher education.

5. 1812-1813 Patriotic war

The official reasons for the unleashing in France of a military conflict against the Russian Empire considered the refusal of the Russian Tsar Alexander the First to join the continental blockade, which was useful to Napoleon to put pressure on England and the policy of the French Emperor against European countries, carried out without taking into account the interests of Russia.

The initial phase of the war with Napoleon was marked by the retreat of Russian troops from the Western borders of the Russian Empire.

The second stage of the confrontation is the failure of the French army and its complete surrender to the heroism and dedication of the Russian soldier. It was then in our country, the notion of the guerrilla movement.

The war ended almost absolute destruction of Napoleon's army and the retreat of the French troops from Russian lands.

4. 1861 Abolition of serfdom

In 1861 in the Russian Empire was reformed, through which millions of peasants, until then wholly owned by the landowners finally gained freedom. The main prerequisite for the publication of the decree abolishing serfdom was a deep crisis of the whole feudal system. Some scholars of history claim that one of the main reasons for this reform was a sharp drop in the efficiency of labor of the peasants, with no rights and freedoms. Also, the main reason is considered the tense situation in society where more and more popularity gained the revolutionary movement.

3. 1914 Russia's Entry into the first world war

The reason for the beginning of the First World war was the assassination of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo, which was committed by the Serbian student Gavrilo Princip on 28 June 1914. And already 1 of August of the same year, the Russian Empire entered the war as an ally of France and great Britain. The enemy of the Entente in this confrontation was the Quadruple Alliance, which included the following States: the German, Austro-Hungarian, Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria.

This war at that time was considered the most destructive and bloody. Here for the first time Germany used against the enemy chemical weapons.

The first World war not only killed millions of people, but also caused the disintegration of four empires: Russian, German, Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman.

2. 1941-1945 Great Patriotic war

June 22, 1941, date of the German attack on the Soviet Union. In the course of this most terrible in the history of mankind wars have killed tens of millions of military and civilians, razed dozens of cities razed to the ground hundreds of villages. Victory over Germany was worth to our people's colossal efforts.

In the war against the Soviet Union, the German government sought to destroy the enemy state, to seize its territory, be subjected to physical extermination of a large part of the population, and those who remain alive it was planned to use as free labor.

In the end, the USSR made the largest contribution to the victory over Nazi Germany, in comparison with all other countries-members of anti-Hitler coalition. The Soviet Union ousted the aggressor from the territory, and liberated from the occupation of the countries of Central and Eastern Europe.

1. The 1991 Collapse of the Soviet Union

On 25 December 1991, the first President of the Soviet state Mikhail Gorbachev publicly announced resignation, he said "on principle".

The next day the largest state of the world, the Soviet Union ceased to exist and in its place arose the Commonwealth of Independent States.

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