The world is changing, and what was fashionable yesterday, today is often not true. Changed clothes, people's appearance. The appearance of towns and villages similar to the one that was before. Scientists and inventors also tried so many inventions which greatly facilitate life. Without them, modern man can not imagine their existence. Manual labor has long been replaced by machinery, mental – software. Now no one plows the fields with horses, there is a special technique. And the store is long gone of the shelves in their original form, and the seller with the accounts either. A specialty has changed: other responsibilities, organization of work, even called them new. And some had disappeared altogether, although not so long ago the profession was popular. Now, after 30, 50, 100 years, the mention of them can be found only in old books.
10. The trooper
The exact date when Russia emerged carrying, no one knows. But we know that dray carting appeared before the automobile. People can move on their own, but the goods the merchants had to transport. When Ivan the terrible began to think about the rules of the road. Those cabs that went "the wrong way" seriously punished. Under Peter I each trooper was issued a room. Without permission to moonlight as a taxi driver was impossible. Many cabbies do not own horses, was hired to the owner. They hoped to earn, but most were left with nothing. This profession was very hard, were paid little, worked from early morning until late evening. Now cabbies can be found only in a recreation Park. Horses long been replaced by cars, cabs – taxi drivers.
9. The telephone
The first operator went to work in 1978. Earlier in this area, there were men, they were not always well performed their duties, were rude and impatient. In Moscow the phone appeared in 1881. Each device was connected to the station wire. They were joined in the nests of the switch that worked the telephone. If someone wanted to call, they gave the signal to the station. The switchboard operator had to trace the signal and connect subscribers. This profession was very prestigious, there have been educated girls from good families. Candidates for the position was bound to have a pleasant voice, calm nature and high growth. A petite girl wouldn't be able to reach the top of the switch. Besides, this work is difficult to name easy. The girls worked 10 to 11 hours. In one hour, the operator switched to 600 calls.
8. Man-up service
When in Ireland and Britain started the industrial revolution, people were confused. Watch at that time was a luxury, and the alarms most of the poor generally had no idea. It was then and there the profession of human alarm clock. He avoided all the yards in the morning, banging a stick or a hammer, was in the course and ratchet. Themselves bodylike stayed up all night doing their duties, they slept during the day. This profession has gone in 40 years. The need to BuildTech disappeared.
7. Truck ice
Surprisingly, not long ago, the great popularity on the market used ice. The first refrigerator was invented in 1850, up to this point, the ice was not frozen, and harvested for future use. Therefore, it was common professions such as ice axe and ice truck. The ice was stored in special areas harvested in the winter, cut ice on the rivers. People every morning, hung out at home plate, they wrote the amount of ice they need. The riders brought the required amount. They rode on carts or bicycles. In the 30-ies of the profession disappeared, refrigerators appeared in many homes.
6. The ragpicker
In many European countries in XIX— XX centuries was a very popular profession ragpicker. The so-called buyer of rags, glass, bones and other junk. Secondary raw materials have already started to shred, and the people gladly sold to the ragpicker that they were no longer necessary. In Russia, rag-pickers worked the urban poor or the peasants, which moved to the city for work. They were divided into two classes. The first thought that went through villages and villages, buying junk or exchanged it. The latter lived much worse they were called krujochkami. These people went through the bins and gathered everything that represented though any value. They handed over the goods to the larger rag-pickers, who in turn sold the rubbish in large volume to large organizations dealing with recycling. In the early twentieth century, the labour rag-pickers was not needed.
5. Water pot
Before the advent of running water, people had to carry water from rivers or buy it from the water-carrier or water carrier. Water trucks went around the city with the barrels, they had horses, carts, barrels. But they never stopped at the outskirts of the city, but the people there also needed the water. But here on a regular basis came the jars, the people who deliver water manually on carts or sleds. This profession was considered prestigious and brought in a good income. About 100 years ago in Moscow employed 7 thousand houses, 3 thousand jars. Once had running water, the jars were not needed.
More recently, many women wanted to work as a typist. This profession was prestigious. Special education and diploma is not required, you courses typing. But this work was not easy. Women reprinted a huge number of handwritten sheets, one mistake, and all I had to retype again. And it happened quite often. Perhaps that is why the typist Bette Graham invented the first pencil-corrector.
3. The pinsetter
Everyone who was at the bowling alley, imagine what it is. For the first time about the bowling alley mentioned in the III century BC. Of course, he had nothing to do with modern bowling. Only when there paths, balls, skittles, appeared and profession pinsetter. It's the people who collected and arranged the pins and brought the balls back to the players. Due to the fact that their wages were low, and had to work in the evening, the operation took students or teenagers. Now called pinsetter equipment that sets the pins and handles much better people.
2. The lamplighter
The first lights appeared in London. It happened in 1417. Then there was the profession of the lamplighter. These people walked in the evening the town was lighted with oil lamps. In Russia, the first lights installed in 1647, however established they were near the king's Palace. And in 1723 Petersburg served 64 of the lamplighter. In about 50 years created the first lamp team. After a few decades command those ranked by police. The duties of lamplighters includes full maintenance of lamps, they lit, extinguished, cleaned, repaired them. Every lamplighter was carrying a ladder and a long pole.
1. The collector of leeches
"Piyavochnoe business" was very common in the world. Russia sold leeches abroad, the income from this business was comparable with the income from the export of bread. But extracted leeches ordinary people, and greatly risking their health. First they were beaten with a stick on the water. Leeches have perceived these sounds as a signal that the water comes to cattle. Then the collector of leeches came into the water, he collected the product on its own feet. Not only that, this profession has brought tangible harm, so even have to touch the leeches. Too small and too large did not fit. Those that comply with standards, put in a container, usually filled with earth.