Every surgical procedure involves a certain risk. This is primarily due to the introduction of some potent drugs that can adversely affect the health or to cause acute allergic reaction that can develop in a life-threatening condition. In addition, when carrying out even the most simple operation is always present the risk of postoperative complications. With all the possible consequences of the surgical intervention the patient should be fully consulted to make an informed decision about the feasibility of specific manipulations. You need to have at least a superficial understanding of the entire process.
Here is the top 10 operations which are often carried out to the fairer sex.
10. Vermiform Appendix (Appendix)
The most common surgical intervention which in the language of medicine is called appendectomy. It is considered a relatively simple manipulation and lasts on average no more than half an hour.
Vermiform Appendix, or the Appendix – a section of the immune system, designed to perform a protective function by neutralizing the pathogens varied.
Currently, conventional medicine does not have reliable data on the etiology of inflammation of the vermiform Appendix. However, most experts adhere to the theory that provoking factors for the occurrence of appendicitis is getting there fragments of stool, worms or foreign bodies.
9. Ectopic pregnancy
Time undiagnosed ectopic pregnancy increases the risk of developing life-threatening condition requiring emergency surgical care. The danger lies in the risk of tubal rupture and the occurrence of massive bleeding.
Ectopic pregnancy the embryo develops in the uterus, as it should be the norm, and in the fallopian tube, cervix, abdomen or even on the ovary. With the development of cervical pregnancy, the uterus is removed with the cervix. If there are other options such pathology reproductive ability of women can be saved.
8. Removal of thyroid nodules
Algorithm of treatment of this disease primarily depends on the nature of the nodes they can be malignant or benign. If a woman has a place malignant cancer, then, in addition to surgical removal of the nodes it can be applied radiation therapy and radioactive iodine treatment. Also of great importance is the stage in which is the disease process. The entire period of treatment and rehabilitation can be very time-consuming and may take several years.
7. Cesarean section
This operation consists of surgical extraction of the fetus. Held on the testimony precluding vaginal birth.
During manipulation, the surgeon makes an incision of the anterior abdominal wall. Next, open the uterus and removed the fetus.
There are several methods of application of the section, however, is mainly produced suprapubic horizontal incision, which does not cause a significant aesthetic defect and does not exclude the possibility of natural childbirth for women in subsequent pregnancies.
6. Removal of the gallbladder
The main factors causing the development of cholecystitis or cholelithiasis, which subsequently often become the reasons for the removal of the gallbladder – unhealthy diet, excessive alcohol consumption, low physical activity.
Nowadays, gallbladder is removed laparoscopically. A laparoscope is a surgical instrument with integrated optics. After surgery, the patient in the right hypochondrium there are three subtle point of the scar.
5. Ovarian tumors
Malignant ovarian neoplasms are progressing in growth fairly quickly and soon begin to metastasize. In such diseases, applied surgical removal of the tumor. In addition, can be applied hormonal, radiation and chemotherapeutic treatment.
If the tumor is benign properties, it is usually the attending physician immediately raises the question of its immediate surgical removal in order to avoid its degeneration.
This disease is familiar to many women, especially young mothers, as many hemorrhoids are caused by severe attempts. This pathology is caused by dilatation of the rectum due to the disruption of the valvular apparatus of the local venous vessels. Predisposing factors are many: a sedentary lifestyle, frequent delay of defecation, poor nutrition and others.
Surgical removal of hemorrhoids is carried out at stages 3 and 4, when there is prolapse, rectal bleeding, mucus discharge from the rectum and persistent pain syndrome.
3. Uterine fibroids
Uterine fibroids is a benign neoplasm, which appears in the thicker muscular layer of the uterus. The presence of myomas is not always an absolute indication for surgery. Usually, if it is not small, does not put pressure on nearby organs, but also provoke uterine bleeding, similar pathology is subject to dispensary observation.
If the myoma complicated by torsion leg and necrosis (necrosis tissue), then it is an emergency removal of the tumor. Sometimes a surgeon decide to remove the body of the uterus, especially if there is formation of multiple tumors.
2. Painful deformity of the big toe (bone)
Deformity of the big toe is caused by wearing uncomfortable shoes, which causes an incorrect load distribution on the foot. A significant role in the development of this disease is played by hereditary factors. Deformed thumb gives a considerable discomfort to the woman.
In the first stages of development of this disease, the orthopedic surgeon usually appoints such patients the correction of orthopedic shoes. In advanced cases, is immediately assigned to surgical treatment.
1. Varicose veins in the legs
This pathology can develop in the presence of the following triggering factors: genetic predisposition, overweight, the job involving long standing (hairdresser, cook, surgeon, etc.). Appears varicose veins, feeling of heaviness and pain in the legs associated with venous stasis. Persistent disruption of blood circulation in venous blood vessels leads to the formation of trophic ulcers on the legs.
In the initial stages apply venotonic by which you can improve the flow of blood. In more complex situations apply sclerotherapy due to the introduction of special funds into the affected vein able to glue it from the inside, and compression therapy, with regular wearing compression underwear.
Surgical treatment of varicose veins is carried out under strict indications and consists in excision of the vein.