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The 10 most common causes of mortality

 

Annually, the world Health Organization consolidates and verifies data received through the work of medical statisticians. To improve the quality of public services, prevent epidemics and the distribution of funds to the development of medicine requires a clear data of mortality by regions and countries. Thus is formed the world's mortality statistics and make TOP diseases and other causes that lead to population decline.

And if in developed countries there are special systems and organs, collecting and systematizing the data of medical institutions, in States with low income and subsidized regions with Analytics all very poorly. For this reason, the who get biased and incomplete data. So it turns out that basic statistics about mortality from AIDS, Oncology and diseases of the cardiovascular system, while there are a number of other deadly diseases.

Below is an example of 10 of the most common ailments that increase the mortality statistics of population.

10. Diarrhea

And then you may sound well as regular diarrhea or food poisoning can lead to death? Except that it will be intoxication or poisonous mushrooms an overdose of drugs. Unfortunately, often the diarrhea has bacterial and infectious character, and can occur in chronic form. That is why the advanced stage of the disease leads to disruptions of the digestive organs, severe dehydration. In recent years there is a tendency to reduce mortality from this disease. But 3 years ago, the disease claimed the life of just one year almost half a million patients, which is a very serious indicator. Interestingly, to reduce the risk will help the literate culture of power and hand hygiene – and it's such simple preventive measures.

9. Infection of the lower respiratory tract

This group includes such serious diseases as bronchitis, various forms (capillary and sharp), whooping cough, lung abscess, a dangerous inflammation of the lungs, and of course epidemiological influenza. This group leads to increased mortality of vulnerable populations, particularly children and adults. In 2015, according to the organization health care end up using more than 3 million people. Treatment of infectious pathologies involves the use of strong antibiotics, which also have side effects and undermine the immune system of the patient.

8. Tuberculosis

A dangerous disease caused by a bacterium, affects the healthy and active population, which leads to a reduction of the gene pool and potential of the country. Almost 95% of fatal cases of tuberculosis occur in developing countries. Two years ago, the world fell ill about a million children under the age of 14 years and 250 thousand of them eventually died. It is known that one-fifth of deaths from TB in adults were Smoking cigarettes, hookah or chewing tobacco, which proves the impact of harmful habits on mortality from the disease. The most widespread bacteria observed in Asia (up to 45% of cases), as well as in developing countries (Africa, Indonesia, Philippines, Pakistan, India, etc.).

7. Alzheimer's disease and other mental disorders

In a world of steadily increasing mortality from pathologies associated with dementia. Noted that every 5 years the death rate from Alzheimer's disease and similar disorders moves up in the ranking by two positions, and in 2000, she was 9th place, taking the lives of about 0.15 million people every year, in 2015 entered the top three causes of death. The proportion between the sexes persists – women get sick and die approximately 2 times more often than men.

6. Traffic accident

Since the invention of vehicles people died and continue to die from road accidents. Someone was asleep at the wheel, others are in a state of intoxication, and others not restrained itself, and the little children, the fourth just happened to be victims of incidents. Statistics three years ago shows that over 75% of the population – male. In 2015 the accident killed 1.3 million. By the way, in countries with a low standard of living, the mortality rate from injuries on the road reaches about 28,5 per 100 thousand people. The global ratio is only 18.3.

5. COPD

One of the leading causes of death in developed countries, the United States and Europe are diseases of the respiratory system. For example, from the obstructive lung disease in the chronic form, affects about 5% of the world population. Each year, the disease takes about 3 million people, and the mortality rate tends to increase due to growing tobacco consumption and an early aging of modern humans.

4. Diabetes

This endocrine pathology periodically holds 3rd place in terms of mortality. Like its owners, the disease is also annually "gaining weight" – for example, over the past three decades the number of diabetics in the world increased by approximately 4 times. And if in 2000 the disease killed around a million people, in 2015 the figure exceeded 1.5. 5 years ago the total number of patients was just over 380 million people, but scientists predict that by 2030 this number could double. Diabetes is more typical for economically developed countries, where there is no food culture.

3. Stroke

Surprisingly, from a stroke of the brain, people began to die less frequently than in the past 15 years. However, a year ago, the disease took the life of more than 1.1 million people. On average, about 38% of deaths from cardiovascular abnormalities is patients with stroke. Doctors still predict an increase in trend of mortality, as reduced average life expectancy in men and worsens their health.

2. Lung cancer, trachea and bronchi

Among all oncological pathologies, which are the most intractable and have a high risk of recurrence, lung cancer and respiratory system in General is the most common. For example, in Russia it occupies about 17% of all cancers. Three years ago, the disease took the lives of about 1.7 million people on the planet. Noted that men die from cancer of the upper respiratory tract more often than women. Perhaps it is the culture of tobacco use that still has some gender-dependence.

1. Coronary heart disease

According to health organizations among the cardiovascular diseases coronary disease is most often fatal. For example, in the United States in 2013, it was lost about 42% of patients with cardiac pathologies. Over the last 15 years diseases of the heart and blood vessels leading causes of mortality. Also in the last decade, there has been a tendency to increase the risk of death from chronic cerebral ischemia and coronary heart disease in elderly patients men.

Such statistics help health authorities determine the future strategy and tactics. In some countries, run programmes for the prevention of prevailing diseases, and in responsible health care resources are directed to promote scientific development and the search for new medicines.

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