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10 facts about animal behavior, which you will not find in a biology textbook


I have the feeling that the brothers our smaller "what are you not telling me". They obviously lead us by the nose, trying to seem wild and primitive. They say: "what are we? We do. We do something foolish, we are governed only by instincts. We are not obliged to perform some rational action. And in General, – we have legs. So get away and explore each other better". But any man keeping a pet (I do not what a cat or dog and even a hamster or a turtle) soon begins to suspect that his pet is not so simple. And it is still unknown who started. Yes, and YouTube is full of videos of "talking" dogs, cats, FFF, the commanders of all the members of his human "family"; raccoons, who with great imagination approach to the process of production of food, etc. In recent years, scientists discover so unbelievable facts about animals that a little more, and we seem to really start to understand each other. Here are 10 of the most interesting of them.

10. They are able to distinguish between voices even of strangers

British biologists Karen McComb and Graeme Shannon, who studied Kenyan elephant, found that these huge animals are not only listening to human speech, but also very logical to react to it. Scientists conducted an experiment: they recorded the voices of men from two African tribes – the Masai and Kamba, and then turned these recordings to 47 elephant from Amboseli national Park. The results surprised researchers when the sounds of the voices of Maasai animals become wary sniff and huddle to each other (as they always do in case of danger), but the voices of Kamba men they are almost not excited. The fact that the Maasai nomads often hunt elephants, and Kamba (farmers) almost never harm them. What is even more interesting is the reaction of the elephants to the voices of women, and especially children of the Masai was very quiet (because women and children don't hunt). The fact that elephants can distinguish people from different tribes for clothing and smell, scientists have found long ago. But nobody could imagine that they are also gender, age and even language!

9. The animals all just love

We've all heard a great story about true love in the animal world. So, in the bird Kingdom "monogamous" in a mate for life, are swans, eagles, crows, doves, and even penguins. Very kind to his wolf wolf, separated only by death. If killed a female Fox, Fox, too, for life remains "idle". All my life living with one beaver river beaver

Moreover, some animals have a negative attitude and to reproduction for the reproduction, of accepting this process only in the presence of mutual sympathy. For example, scientists at the Center for the preservation of pandas in Chengdu (China) recently settled 40 males and females of this species in adjacent cages where animals can communicate with each other, but without physical contact. Watching the pandas for some time, researchers have identified which of them apply to each other with sympathy, and who with indifference or even aggression. And when a different pair of pandas were finally in the same enclosure, the offspring brought only those that love each other even at a distance. Those couples where the female and the male had no mutual sympathies, to breed flatly refused.

8. Unlike us, they have a collective intelligence

Who among us has not watched in my childhood for a friendly and efficient work of ants? The ability to act in a synchronized and interdependent to show the ants of almost all species, regardless of the size of their colonies, or even individual groups. When they face any complex task (to build a new nest, to cope with the enemy, to carry out a large portion of food, etc.), they immediately join forces and do the work quickly and efficiently. Many individuals acting as one reasonable ground. By the way, a similar phenomenon is observed in many other insects (bees, locusts, etc.), and partially in birds, rodents and fish.

7. They devise tactics

We know that many large predators know how to apply for hunting a variety of tactics: collectively, chase prey, to repel from the large herds of weak animals, etc. But it turns out that other animals also exhibit in this case a remarkable imagination. So, dolphins use the following method: one of them swims around a school of fish, while actively lifting from the bottom sand and silt. Fish trying to get out of the muddy waters begin to jump up and use than other dolphins. Canadian researchers from Vancouver found that hunting tactics, there are whales: first, they know how to drive a school of fish to the surface, amplify it in a spiral from the bottom up (while still directing his fins), then to swallow EN masse; secondly, whales are specially waiting when the fish will start to hunt guillemots and other birds of prey, and then carefully approaching the target from above to school, they widely open mouth on the surface of the water, thus forming a small closed "bodies of water". Frightened fish flock to these "seeker", and when their is enough whales close their mouths and swim away fat and happy.

6. They use traps for hunting

Scientists never ceases to amaze and other abilities of animals used in the hunt. For example, crocodiles and alligators are able to lie still for hours with twigs and sticks on the nose, alluring birds looking for building materials for nests. Loggerhead turtle that lives in lakes and rivers in North America, compensate for his tardiness in the following way: she lies motionless in the water with an open mouth. Potential victims (small fish) mistakes her for the stone, and little turtle's tongue for a worm. And when fish tries to catch "worm", the turtle grabs the fish itself. A green Heron (a small American wader) as bait scatters on the water surface of small objects, similar to something edible. Small fish swim to the "food", and the Heron quickly grabs them.

5. And other adaptations for obtaining food

The reasonableness of birds of the family of corvids (common Raven, black and gray crow, magpie, jackdaw, rook, etc.) the people there are a lot of stories. Scientists confirm that many species of these birds do have a highly developed intellect. For example, they are able to pick (or even make from scrap materials) special hook or pointed stick to help reach the tasty larvae of the narrow slit. Moreover, after that birds sometimes take a useful "tool" with you. Not too "retarded" from ravens and eagles: the bearded vulture that lives in Greece and loves turtle meat (which, as you know, strong "armor"), throws them on the rocks from a height, and calmly pulls the stuffing of a broken shell. Another example: it would seem, far more primitive Hawaiian crab boxer gets on the claws of live anemones, which "nokautiroval" his prey, stinging stinging threads (at the same time protecting the crab from enemies).

4. We can behave like people

Well, even here and prove nothing really no need – just remember that from time to time otshelushivaet your cat or the neighbor's dog, or parrot favorite aunt. They understand the intonation of our speech, there are not only human faces, but the emotions (and sometimes even try to copy them), sometimes like getting dressed up, sometimes try to "sing along" master, give gifts, etc. Scientists say that many higher animals are really able to make their own informed decisions and act in accordance with them.

3. They are able to share with those less fortunate

American biologists from Emory University (Atlanta) found that Capuchin monkeys share food. During a special experiment they were asked to get food for himself or for himself and his neighbor on the cage. Most monkeys chose the option with the joint meal. They clearly were happy to bring food to the brethren. To share know how and also some birds (e.g., parrots). We will not talk about many stories, when a dog brings his toy to comfort a crying baby, or the cat tries to treat mice their masters, "fucking hunters", not able to catch yourself a tasty treat on their own.

2. They possess a supernatural sensitivity

Many people who have dogs, know that their pet knows that master will be home soon, long before it can see, hear or smell. Several experiments in different countries have confirmed that this dog's "knowledge" does not depend on the normal duration of absences of the owner, it even works when the owner comes back outside "normal" time. And how to explain the return home of forgotten masters in unfamiliar territory cats for dozens or even many hundreds, of miles away? How do they do it?

1. And really have telepathy

Georgian biologist Jason, Badridze several years studying wolves, becoming for them is almost a part of the pack claims that they are able to communicate using only eye contact. Before hunting wolves first organize a fun romp with yelps and pokazywanie and then "connect", staring into each other's eyes. After this ritual, every animal know how he should act. If it's not, then how else can you call such a surprising phenomenon? By the way, many other predators also hunt in packs, but absolutely silently, giving each other nonverbal signals.

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