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10 myths of popular psychology


Psychology as a science began to develop relatively recently compared to many other Sciences. So, in psychology there are many myths, which every year becomes less and less. Experts in the field of human psychology constantly researching, allowing you to go deeper in the psyche. But, despite all the efforts of scientists and the desire to debunk the myths many people still continue to believe in them. And result as arguments in disputes the facts that have been disproved long ago.

10. Brainstorming more efficient for the group

For a long time, psychologists have argued that effective solutions to the problem required the collective brainstorming. It was believed that a group of people more productive than single people. But, Professor, school of business, Stiliano Kavadias refutes this theory. The Professor was of the opinion that man alone may be faster to find solution than a group of people. In fact, not all people can Express their opinion in a team. The Professor believes that each participant should think about a problem alone, to record all decisions and then offer them to the discussion. Kavadias of the opinion that collective fear prevents making the right decision.

9. Abilities related to the dominant hemisphere of the brain

One of the areas of psychology, which was allowed to divide the people into groups. One group was recognized as the dominant left hemisphere of the brain, and the other right. Depending on which hemisphere was considered as the main – man had a tendency either to science or to art. But scientists in the field of neuroscience has disproved this myth. They conducted an experiment in which it was found that none of the hemispheres does not show more activity compared to others in the rest of the person. And scientists in the field of neurology have never agreed with this theory. If a person would have only one dominant hemisphere of the brain, this has a negative impact on the brain as a whole.

8. Auditory and visual

Mankind cannot live in peace if it does not divide people into categories. Many people even difficult to imagine that one can not belong to any particular group. Because the human brain is complicated, to put the people typing. Another myth which people believe the division of people into auditory learners, visual learners and cinestetico. The theory suggests that auditory learners absorb information through hearing, visual – through the organ of vision, and kinesthetic through bodily sensations. To some extent this is true. But this division is very conditional. And to remember information a person needs all the senses. In addition, the dominant channel of perception, a person may change over the years.

7. Man uses only 10% of their brain capacity

About the myth article can be found even in Wikipedia. This theory is actively used in newspape and books on psychology. But any scientist studying the brain confirm that is a myth. The brain is an organ and it works 100 %, like other human organs. To say that the brain works on 10% as stupid as to claim that the human liver works to 10%. In fact, in certain situations, different parts of the brain are more active than others. But with all this, the brain still works 100 %.

6. Posture power promotes the release of hormones confidence

The origins of this myth originate in 2015. In one of his speeches at the TED conference psychologist Amy Cuddy, in his speech mentioned that correct posture helps you feel more confident. But scientists have not confirmed the theory about the power poses. Despite the fact that many people claimed to really feel more confident when taking a certain posture. But actually, in these cases, the role played by self-hypnosis. Why people feel more confident.

5. A midlife crisis is inevitable

Probably everyone's heard that after 40 years, inevitably, there comes the midlife crisis. And waiting for the crisis of every human being. The myth of psychology has existed for a decade. Age crises do exist, but they are shown far not at all people. It is believed that people, under forty years of age, regret lost youth. Begin to behave as behaving young people not to feel the approach of old age. But according to research only 10% of people over 40 are faced with the manifestation of age-related crises. The remaining 90% of people still live and maintain their way of life.

4. A smile can make a person happy

Incompetent psychologists are trying to convince everyone that the smile will help it cope with depression and apathy. Some people believe in the myth of the mystic power of a smile to heal all psychological problems. But really, even if you smile until you're blue, you better off you will be. Smile will help to cope with anxiety, depression and hypochondria. A smile can help in making the case, if a person a neutral emotional state. And a smile can really improve the mood of the person. But if we suppress negative emotions with smiles, the emotional state will only get worse.

3. Men and women communicate differently

As there are stereotypes about what a man and woman are different. Every year a huge number of books to learn to understand the language of women and men. But if you drop deeper, the misunderstandings between men and women arise not because of differences in thinking, and because of the stereotypes and labels that society hangs on people. In fact, differences in brain structure of people of the opposite sex not. There is no female logic, cognitive abilities in women and men the same. And males not rational women. Logical abilities in people of the opposite sex are on the same level.

2. Opposites attract and form a strong pair

The most common myth in which you believe a huge number of people – opposites attract. It is believed that to create strong Union people need to be with different temperaments have different interests and views on life. Supposedly, people become more interesting to each other, if it is not similar. But in most cases, this rule works exactly the opposite. People with common interests and similar traits, form stronger alliances.

1. Active display of emotion will help to cope with anger

There are plenty of techniques to overcome bouts of anger. Some psychologists advise to scream, to throw things and to exercise any active emotions to cope with anger. Of course, to suppress strong emotions is very harmful. But this advice is difficult to name effective. Studies prove that the active manifestation of emotions in the time of wrath, on the contrary, only reinforce it. The best way to deal with temper tantrums is to stop participating in stressful situations and try not to engage in conversations with people that cause such negative emotions.

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