The human imagination knows no bounds. There where not enough knowledge for centuries it was created in the imagination, mysticism, monsters and magical creatures.
The certainty that he had found, reassuring, and beings have received a private life, settling in myths and fairy tales, gathering details, history and habits.
We have collected ten of the most famous magical creatures, which gave rise to the human imagination.
The phenomenon of twins and the twins have always disturbed the minds of the people. They are endowed with mystical powers, overgrown with legends and speculation.
So there was DoppelgangeR double – figures, representing his dark side. DoppelgangeR appears as a focus of fears, desires, vices, which the person denies, is separated from itself. Often is a harbinger of the death of the hero.
This was a major concern of many writers and appears in the works of R. L. Stevenson, Hoffmann, Charles Dickens, Edgar Allan PoE, moved it and in the domestic literature the works of Pushkin, Gogol, Dostoevsky.
Not alien to the image of the DoppelgangeR and contemporary art, an example is the image of the venom of Marvel universe.
For the first time a Chimera is mentioned in Greek mythology and appears in the shape of a monster with a lion's head, a goat's body and serpent's tail. Breathes fire and everything else.
It is mentioned in the "Iliad" of Homer, and has one head, but a little later the head of a lion was added to the goat, and the tail began to decorate the snake head. In this form, the Chimera and was depicted in the bronze sculpture of the 5th century.
The image of the Chimera and moved to other crops, and became known as monsters with body parts of different animals.
Trolls come from Norse myths. Usually they are described as huge creatures that live in the mountains. In fact, they themselves often stone origin: the sun, the trolls turned into the mountain. In Britain, there are a few rocks, the legends that are the real trolls.
But species of these creatures much more, and the description depends on the ethnic group. There are forest trolls, which are no bigger than dwarves, and live in caves. Some live in castles, others under bridges. Trolls under bridges are able to be in the sun, like money (and charge a tribute for passage through the bridge) and partial to human women.
What do you imagine when you think of gnomes? Cute dwarfs in red caps? Or malicious spirits from the forest trail? Or the mighty men with the axe in his hands?
Dwarves came from the European, mostly German and Scandinavian ethnic group. It's underground inhabitants, short, strong, stocky, bearded, characterized by hard work, nasty temper and love of gold.
Dwarves are the embodiment of the element of earth. Their way was so tenacious that has survived and has become an integral part of fairy tales and most works of fantasy.
Elves – characters of the Germanic-Scandinavian and Celtic folklore. It is the forest dwellers, which usually portrayed a bright good creatures. Varieties of many elves, depending on the ethnic group.
In some stories it is frivolous winged creatures, others airy and sad. Sometimes they can not be distinguished from the fairies, and sometimes they are portrayed as dark-skinned insidious creatures that live under the ground.
William Shakespeare described the elves as a little winged folk, and that image stuck.
Tolkien, made popular tall, handsome, wise elves, and mocked the tiny Pixie, and felt that he learned of the elves and showed them the closest to Norse and Celtic mythologies.
So the Scandinavians and the Celts called the mystical creatures of nature, leading a mysterious, secretive way of life. It was originally a wingless spirits, glowing like angels, or Vice versa small, green, wrinkled. Fairies were called almost all magical creatures, most often vindictive and spiteful.
With the advent of romanticism in the 18th and 19th centuries, fairies have got a fabulous way, an attractive face, wings and light cheerful disposition. They settled in the woods and meadows among the flowers, still reputed to be mischievous, but not evil creatures.
Mermaids have Slavic roots. It is the incarnate image of the spirit of water and earth, they guard the fields, forests and ponds. In some stories mermaids can be found in the field or near ponds, they take the image of the beautiful maidens, tickle to death and dragged into the water.
And the way these creatures also vary: they describe little girls with pale skin and green hair, half-naked damsels, women with fish tails, and ugly girls with shaggy heads.
There is no consensus about the origin of mermaids: some fairy tales are evil spirits; others cursed wife, thirdly, suicides and drownings.
Version of mermaids a lot, almost every tribe had its own story about the water spirits, but the image was so important in Slavic folklore that has survived and is widely rooted in art, literature, painting and cinema.
The werewolf is another popular character in the tales. The idea of a man who is able to change shape into an animal, since ancient times, agitated the mind of people.
His image is found in virtually every culture. Their werewolves were in Egypt, and from the Indians, and in Europe, and, of course, the Slavs.
Versions of these creatures there are many, but they can be divided into congenital and those who have contracted lycanthropy, for example, from the bite of such a monster.
You can also split the werewolves who control their abilities, and those who turns into a beast involuntarily, at night and during a full moon.
In Slavic mythology, werewolves are turned, not only in animal but also in stone and wood. They became witches and unbaptized children, and victims of witchcraft.
According to scientists, the origins of the legends about werewolves have become a mental illness in which a person considers himself an animal, and hypertrichosis, a disease that causes excessive hair growth on the face and body. It is not surprising that such people are mistaken for werewolves.
They say vampires don't age and can live forever, unless, of course, eluding reality will not break them. And then they turn into hungry creatures, without a glimmer of intelligence in his eyes.
It was believed that vampires run the risk of becoming sinners, criminals, rapists, unbaptized people and suicide. And the victims of the vampires, of course.
The image of the creatures that feed on blood are characteristic of any culture. The mention of such creatures found in the Babylonian and Sumerian demonology, in India, European and Slavic tribes. And all of them has its own features and characteristics.
Vampires attributed to the fear of Holy places and special types of wood, garlic, and fire, and the Chinese were convinced that it should be put in the way of a monster sack of rice, and he will not resist the temptation to count all the grains.
To identify a vampire is easy: in the grave it is fresh and ruddy, healthy-looking, afraid of the light and has sharp fangs. Scientists believe that all these phenomena have a logical explanation: really at a certain stage of decomposition of the body skin may be pinking up by now, and photophobia is characteristic of certain diseases.
Huge shadow that hid the sun, flapping his powerful wings, raising the dust, breathing fire and burning crops and homes Yes, we are talking about the dragon. A huge winged lizard, terrifying and magnificent.
The image of this creature came to us from antiquity, its roots in the old beliefs and fears. Dragons exist in Asian and European legends.
In the 20th century has seen a boom of interest in the winged lizards, that's when I began to form the image that we imagine.
Rare fantasy works do without dragons, wise or vain, noble or vengeful, wise or wild. Their image immortalized in literature, film, sculpture and painting.