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10 the oldest monasteries in Russia

 

Despite the fact that in the XX century after the revolution in our country was dominated by atheism, and in this difficult time there were people who never renounced his faith. Thousands of monasteries and churches were destroyed, but some survived. And in these Holy, sacred places coming now millions of pilgrims to experience grace and be healed from serious illnesses.

10. Nativity of the Theotokos male monastery


It is located in Vladimir. The monastery was founded in 1191 by order of Grand Prince Vsevolod Yurevich. During the reign of Alexander Nevsky and even more than 100 years after his death, it was one of the most influential monasteries in Russia.

It was here that Alexander Nevsky was buried in 1263, and his relics remained at the monastery until they are moved to Saint Petersburg.

After 1917, this building housed the Cheka, and in 1930 the monastery have decided to carry. In the same year destroyed the Cathedral and the bell tower, and the area built detention centers. They kept members of the clergy, some of whom had been sentenced to death.

All Church buildings were destroyed, with the exception of Christ Church. Since 1993, the revival of the monastery was reconstructed to preserved the Church and started to build the Cathedral. Now it is a functioning monastery, which has its own shrines.

9. Pskovo-Pechersky monastery


This is one of the biggest monasteries in Russia. He was on the territory of Estonia. What could stand in difficult post-revolutionary period and never closed. But his parishioners were still discriminated against. The year of its Foundation is considered 1473, when consecrated cave Church of the Dormition of the Mother of God. Here once lived the famous Archimandrite John (krestiankin).

It is about staying within the walls of this monastery was written the book "Unholy saints" by Bishop Tikhon (Shevkunov), which has become one of the most widely read among the faithful people.

8. Annunciation monastery


The banks of the Oka, Nizhny Novgorod, is the monastery of 1221. He had an unhappy fate. In 1229, Prince Purges it ravaged, killing all the monks. Only after 100 years it managed to revive, but in 1369, the monastery has suffered from a collapse of snow. Again destroyed many buildings, people died.

It was able to revive Metropolitan Alexy. He went to the Golden Horde, and promised that if his visit will end well, to rebuild it. Metropolitan has cured the wife of the Khan, and he refused to RAID. In 1370 he was able to fulfill his vow. Before the revolution there was kept a list of the Korsun Mother of God, who was able to survive 3 fires. But then, the monastery was closed, the list disappeared. After it housed the planetarium. In the 90s began its revival.

7. Spaso-Preobrazhensky Solovetsky monastery


It is located on the Solovetsky Islands, which lie in the White sea. Starting from the XVI century, it served as a prison, which was visited by more than 500 people. After 1883, when the prison closed, in the monastery still exiled, some members of the Church guilty of something.

In 1920 the monastery was liquidated, there appeared Solovki prison where imprisoned intellectuals, officers of the white army and the clergy. In 1967 there appeared a Museum-reserve, and in 2007 he was taken from the territory of the monastery.

6. The deposition of the robe convent


In Suzdal is the monastery, founded in 1207. He became famous because of St. Eudoxia. In the world she was a Princess Theodoulia Chernihiv, which is adopted in this monastery a monk, and then became its abbess. She performed many miracles during his lifetime, and 2 posthumous miracles, which was written by the monk Gregory.

In 1923 the monastery was closed, its bells sent to the facility and in the buildings located to the guards of the political isolator. Only in 1999 it was returned to the Church and he revived.

5. Kirillo-Belozersky monastery


Its other name – Kirillov monastery. It is located at the Siverskoe lake, Kirillov. The flourishing of the monastery occurred in the 15-17 century, when it was the largest and richest in Russia. Its Charter was particularly severe. He was one of the Russian book centers.

It is believed that here the Royal couple was able to obtain an heir, who later became Ivan the Terrible. After the revolution the monastery was ruined, its rector was shot. All were taken, and also took the monastery library. It could destroy and to demolish, if in 1924 here is not open a Museum. Still the believers are trying to revive the monastic life within its walls.

4. Vvedenskaya Optina


This is one of the most ancient monasteries is located near the town of Kozelsk. According to legend it was founded by a repentant robber named OPTA.

In 1821 there appeared a skit, it settled the desert. They dragged people from all over Russia, trying to get answers to your questions and healing. After the death of his son Fyodor Dostoyevsky stayed in a monastery for 3 days.

The monastery became famous Optinsky elders, which have comforters of the people. After the revolution, the Optina monastery was closed, it housed the white house and the concentration camp, and the hospital. In 1987 it was returned to the Church.

3. Svyato-Yuryev monastery


At the river Volkhov, on the outskirts of Veliky Novgorod located Yuriev monastery. It was founded in 1030, was once considered the spiritual center of the whole Novgorod land. After the October revolution all the values from the monastery were taken, and after 1932 it was used as a nursing home. Later on people lived here, was posted post office and other agencies. Only in the 90s started its revival.

2. The Valaam Spaso-Preobrazhenskiy monastery


It is located on the island of lake Ladoga, surrounded on all sides by water. Considered one of the most beautiful monasteries. It is called the Northern Athos. It is not again attacked and destroyed, but the monks never took up arms and defended themselves, preferring to die.

The heyday of the monastery came in the XIX century. After the revolution he remained in Finland thanks to what was able to stand but was subjected to discrimination by the Finnish authorities. Until 1940 Valaam belonged to Finland, but then again ceded to Russia after the Russo-Finnish war. Now it pilgrims, which attracts not only the history of the cloister and the beautiful scenery.

1. Murom Spaso-Preobrazhensky monastery


It is located on the banks of the Oka river in Murom. It was patronized by Ivan the terrible upon his order, was built the main Cathedral, and presented to him an extensive estate. After the revolution its Abbot was accused of involvement in the uprising and the monastery was closed. He worked as a temple, and in the 20s was given to the Museum, and later the NKVD. To revive the monastery began in the 1990s.

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