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10 interesting facts about the Vatican

 

Among the micro-States on the world map is much interest in the Vatican. What do we know about this famous country dwarf?

In the center of concentration of all the Catholic is the residence of the Pope, and here was shooting the adaptation of Dan brown's bestseller Angels and demons with Tom Hanks in the title role. This information is usually limited to the knowledge of the average layman concerning the Vatican.

And questions about the political structure of the state, its history, flag and emblem the majority of people will not be able to give the correct answer. But this tiny country has a rich history and, despite its small area, has many attractions.

We present 10 interesting facts about the Vatican state.

10. The Vatican is the smallest sovereign state on the planet


The area of Vatican city is only 44 hectares. However, the country issues its own stamps, issues passports and, accordingly, has its own flag and anthem.

9. Vatican city – state enclave


The Vatican is surrounded by Italy. The geographical coordinates of the country: 42° latitude North and 12° East longitude.

The Vatican city is 20 km from the coast of the Tyrrhenian sea in the heart of the Apennine Peninsula. Vatican hill is located in the North-Western part of Rome on the right Bank of the Tiber river.

The border of this country is marked by a defensive wall. To enter the Vatican can only be through one of six gates.

8. The legendary St. Peter's Basilica was built on the site of the city of the dead


When in 64 ad a Great fire destroyed much of Rome, the Emperor Nero decided to blame the Christians, whose faith at that time was banned. He staged mass executions, which have killed a huge number of followers of the teachings of Christ.

Among the victims of this terrible violence was the Apostle Peter. Subsequently, he was allegedly buried on the hill of the Vatican. In the fourth century, when Christianity in the Roman Empire had already acquired the official status, the Emperor Constantine decided to build the original Basilica on the site of the mass graves in the center of which was located the grave of the Apostle Peter.

Now, this Catholic Cathedral is the Central and largest building of the Vatican, in addition, it is considered the largest historical Christian Church in the world. On the construction of the Basilica worked with several generations of the great masters of the Renaissance. Capacity of St. Peter's is 60 000 people, and another 400 thousand people can fit in the Cathedral square.

7. Caligula conquered the obelisk in St. Peter's square


The obelisk was brought to Rome in 37 BC from Egypt, on the orders of Gaius Caesar Augustus Germanicus, who went down in history under the name of Caligula. Being an ardent fan of chariot racing, the Emperor was decorated with a monumental stele of the circus.

6. The Vatican lived and worked Botticelli, Michelangelo, Bernini


Vatican Museum — one of the most recognizable worldwide, thanks to the architecture of the halls with the paintings of Raphael and Michelangelo's frescoes. These and other outstanding masters of the Renaissance left behind many magnificent monuments of art and architecture, which still delight every tourist visiting the Vatican.

Museum in the Vatican city consists of many different galleries (Pinacoteca Vatican, Museo PIO Clementino, Collection of modern religious art, the Museum Chiaramonti, Gregorian Etruscan Museum, Gregorian Egyptian Museum). A total of 54 galleries including the Sistine chapel. Here is about 70 thousand works of art, of which 20 thousand are on display in the exhibition.

5. The Vatican was not the seat of the Pontiff to the XlV century


Even after the construction of St. Peter's Basilica, the popes lived mostly in the Lateran Palace. Moreover, they even had to leave the city 1309, when the papal court moved to Avignon.

Here Dad of course were safer than in the troubled Rome, which then was ignited new conflicts between aristocratic clans.

And only after the Lateran Palace burned down, the Vatican has been a papal residence. However, at that time, has done extensive and painstaking work on the restoration of the Vatican, because by the time he came into a terrible decline.

4. Security provides Vatican Swiss guard


This is the only day of the armed forces of the Vatican. The Swiss guard is considered to be one of the oldest armies in the world which still functions these days.

The guard was founded in 1506 by order of Pope Julius II, who was considered an Amateur of fine arts and one of the most warlike popes during his pontificate he led a continuous war. Realizing that he needed to have a true regular army, dad decided to stop the choice on the Swiss soldiers, regarded as the one of the most efficient troops in Europe

To this day the Swiss guard includes about a hundred guards, who are undergoing training in the Swiss armed forces.

3. In the Vatican a total literacy of the population


Absolutely all the residents of this tiny state is formed. Not many countries on the world map, which can boast of a literacy rate.

2. For a map of the country caused 78 objects


On this map in great detail applied to all facilities located in the state. Interestingly, it is Street sport, which in fact is nothing more than a small path leading to the only sports venue in the Vatican and a tennis court.

1. The majority of Vatican citizens live abroad


More than 450 have the nationality of that state. Most of the citizens of Vatican city do not live in the state and in other countries, they are mainly there for the service. The acquisition or rejection of Vatican citizenship and other procedures concerning access to the territory or residence, are special the Lateran treaties.

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