People are so fascinated by the world of gadgets and high technology, we forgot about nature, lost interest in the diversity of flora and fauna. Meanwhile, it turned out that many animals are on the brink of survival, despite the protective measures, be entered in the Red books of different countries and other ways to save the species on our planet.
From the history you can remember that some animals are already extinct in the wild (including due to commercial and illegal human activities). We don't want this list over the years, he added, so will responsibly treat nature and our younger brothers.
Today we publish a list of 10 animals that were close to extinction and require the attention of the public and of States to retain its population.
10. Wakita (California sea pig)
Many people do not know that such an animal exists. Small waterfowl "pig" is found only in the Gulf of California in the amount of 10 individuals.
Poaching of fish in the Gulf put lakitu at risk of extinction, because it gets in the Gill nets. Dead animals the poachers are not interested, so just throw them back.
Two years ago, the planet was inhabited by a few representatives of the species. Since the Mexican government declared the area of habitat of a mammal reserve.
9. The Northern white Rhino
No, this is not a Rhino, an albino, a separate species, or rather his 2 surviving representative. The last of the male, alas, had to be put down last year for health reasons, and the age of the Rhino was solid – 45.
First, the number of white rhinos began to decline in the 70-80s, which is associated with poaching activities. Alive now there are only the daughter and granddaughter sedated Rhino which, unfortunately, already out of childbearing age.
Scientists are trying to implant the embryos of the Northern white Rhino in the uterus of females related southern species. By the way, on the verge of extinction was Sumatran and Javanese rhinos, which left on the planet 100 and 67 representatives, respectively.
8. Turtle island Fernandina
It would seem that what is special about the turtle? Here only representatives of this species was long considered to be completely extinct. Not so long ago, scientists found a turtle Fernandina, a female aged about 100 years. Were also found traces of activity which are encouraging to find a few representatives of the species.
The reason for the extinction of the species, unlike other cases, was not a human activity, and adverse habitat. The fact that the island has volcanoes, and flowing lava kills turtles. Also on the eggs of these reptiles hunted by domesticated and wild animals.
7. The Amur leopard
Recently there has been a nasty trend of downsizing from a number of species of leopards. They destroy people, finding a threat to his life, as well as poaching for the luxurious fur. Deforestation and economic activity on the habitat led to the extinction of the Amur leopard, which population in the wild there are only 6 dozen.
They live in a National Park Leopards artificially created protected area in Russia. Despite the protection of the species from human threats, they still threaten other members of the animal world, for example, more than large Siberian tiger. To catch the leopard to move to the national Park difficult, because they are elusive.
6. Giant soft-shelled turtle of the Yangtze
Unique species live only in China (area of the red river), and partly in Vietnam. The fast-growing city and the dam destroyed a house inhabited by soft-shelled turtle. Already two years ago, the world had only 3 members. Male and female live in the zoo of Suzhou city, and wild representative lives in Vietnam in the lake (gender unknown).
The destruction of the turtles and contributed to the poaching of valuable thought and eggs, and the skin and meat of these reptiles. Local residents of the area of the red river say they saw a couple of members of the species.
5. Hainan Gibbon
One of the rarest primates on the planet, because in the wild were only 25 members of the species, which huddle in a small area (two square miles) in the nature reserve on Hainan island.
The population decline has led to deforestation and deterioration of habitat, and poaching because the meat of these Gibbons were consumed and some members kept as Pets.
As a result of loss of the species began migratsionnoe the reproduction, which had a negative impact on health. That is, almost all surviving Hainan Gibbon is relatives.
4. Water frog Sewanee
Unique frog inhabits cloud forests of Bolivia, but was on the verge of extinction because of worsening environmental conditions (climate change, natural pollution), as well as deadly diseases (fungus). Local trout feeds on the eggs of this rare frog.
These factors have led to the fact that in the world there are only 6 members: 3 males and 3 females. Let's hope that these "slippery" couple will be able to make some children and increase their own population.
3. The Marsicano brown bear
These representatives are a subspecies of brown bear. Reside in the territory of the Apennine mountains in Italy. A couple of centuries ago on the planet had some SOT of bears, but as a result of conflict with local business executives began their mass shooting.
Now survived only 50 individuals who came under the protection of the government. Authorities are trying to label and tag animals to track their movements and observe. Such attempts lead to disastrous consequences – from the radio collars a bear can cause breathing disorders.
2. The South China tiger
This kind of tiger is considered the main, so to speak, the ancestor of the entire species. On the planet at the moment, there are only 24 such tiger – deforestation and shooting to protect livestock have drastically reduced the population.
All surviving individuals live in captivity at the reserve. Over the last 20 years has not received information that South China tigers may still exist in the wild.
1. Asian Cheetah
A couple of centuries ago animals of this species was enough. In India they began actively hunting to extinction. In the 19th and 20th century, the Cheetah began to lose habitat due to agricultural activities, construction of trails with active movement, hasty laying of mines in the fields.
At the moment the animal lives exclusively in the territory of Iran in the country were only 50 participants. The Iranian government is trying to save the species, but grants and financial assistance for this event has declined significantly.
That's such a disappointing forecasts for 10 fauna of our planet. If we don't consider their "reasonable" behavior and start to be more careful about nature, after a few decades, these lists simply cannot publish.