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10 diseases kids who should be able to distinguish all parents

 

When the child begins to cough, to sneeze, he has a fever, parents start to treat it from the cold. Most children do get sick of SARS or respiratory diseases. But sometimes these symptoms may appear in case of serious diseases, in some cases, hospitalization is required.

Even if the child does not go to daycare, school, and stays home with grandma or mom, at the first sign of the disease need to take him to a pediatrician. An experienced doctor will ask for tests and relying on them can make a correct diagnosis, time to begin treatment.

Threat is not so much the diseases themselves as their complications, which can appear if in time not to take necessary medications.

10. Scarlet fever


Childhood illness (sick kids up to 10 years), which in adults most often occurs in abortive form: a small sore throat, sometimes pale rash. The symptoms may occur 2-10 days after contact with sick children or carriers of the infection.

The disease begins acutely. Sharply increased temperature, weakness, headache, in severe intoxication appears vomiting. It hurts to swallow, red throat. Language is first covered with a grayish-white coating, and after 4-5 days it becomes crimson. 1 or 2 day face rash.

In some patients a rash may be absent or occur 3-4 days of the disease. Within 3-5 days the child gets better, the symptoms go away, and by the beginning of the second week to completely disappear. But starts to peel off the skin on the palms or feet.

9. Angina


A group of diseases in which inflamed tonsils most often due to Streptococcus A or other pathogens. Strep is dangerous that affects the kidneys and heart. Therefore it is so important to get treatment, to drink a course of antibiotics.

The likelihood of getting sick increases if the child's immunity is lowered, it froze recently had a cold. Symptoms appear after 0.5 to 3 days after infection. They can vary depending on the type of angina.

Catarrhal slight temperature, red throat. The child is or will be in 1-2 days, or the disease goes into another form.

If it is follicular or lacunar tonsillitis, the temperature can rise to 39-40 degrees, worried headache, weakness, sore muscles and joints.

The child needs to take antibiotics, gargle, to drink a lot. The course of treatment usually does not exceed 7 days.

8. Whooping cough


The disease is very dangerous, especially if diagnosed in children up to 1 year. Pediatricians suggest the time to get vaccinated, which will prevent the progression of the disease, especially because whooping cough is very contagious. After contact with a patient ill with 70-90% of children.

If it is an adult or a teenager, the disease can occur without any symptoms except a constant dry cough, and whooping cough often remains undiagnosed. From adults to pick up the infection a little child, if he at the time were not vaccinated DTP.

The incubation period is 3-14 days. At the initial stage of pertussis is difficult to distinguish from the common cold: runny nose, mild dry cough, slight temperature, she feels good. Later the cough becomes strong and resistant.

Through 2-14 days begins a period of spasmodic cough with a whistling sound. The attacks are very strong, at this time, the patient's face is red, may appear hemorrhage. This period lasts from 3 to 4 weeks, followed by a recovery.

7. Rotavirus infection


This files most often diagnosed in children, almost all kids get sick in the first 5 years of life. The infection is transmitted via toys, dirty hands, food.

The symptoms make themselves known through 0.5 -5 days, the disease begins acutely. First, the temperature rises to 38 -39 ° C, worried about nausea and vomiting. Stomach hurts and stool is liquid, yellow-green, with a pungent odor, stool frequency from 3 to 20 times a day.

The child becomes weak, pale, he had a headache. The disease is dangerous because of diarrhea and vomiting baby loses a lot of liquid.

If you have these symptoms you need to immediately call a doctor, and in severe cases (frequent vomiting and diarrhea) – an ambulance. The child must drink rehydron every 5 minutes and perform other instructions of the doctor.

6. False croup


This is a very dangerous condition, which most often occurs in children of 4-5 years. The disease progresses rapidly, and without medical attention, the baby can suffocate. Therefore, the appearance of these symptoms immediately call an ambulance. Fortunately, false croup is diagnosed not all children and babies with special structure of the larynx, or with a weakened organism.

The boys get them 3 times more often than girls. Appears on 2nd or 3rd day after infection with influenza or other viral infections. The child's breathing becomes noisy, the voice is hoarse, and the cough – barking character, and the appearance of these symptoms he is concerned about shortness of breath.

5. Rubella


Viral infection, transmitted by airborne droplets. The first signs appear in 10-25days after infection. The disease starts like the common cold: mild runny nose and red throat, weakness. Increased lymph nodes.

Then a rash. In most patients, at first pink or red spots visible on the face and neck and then spread throughout the body except soles and palms. During the precipitation temperature or normal, or slightly elevated. The rash disappears after 4 days.

The disease is not dangerous unless infected pregnant woman. In this case, the fetus, or die, or the baby will be born with disabilities.

4. Measles


A viral disease, which appears 1-2 weeks after infection. It starts as a normal flu: fever, chills, headache, weakness. Worried about dry cough, conjunctivitis.

After 3-5 days the temperature falls, but then rises again, and inside cheeks white patches. After that rash appears: first on the head, then spreads to the face and neck on day 2 – on the trunk, 3 on the legs. 7-10 days after the onset of illness begins a period of recovery.

3. Chickenpox


Chickenpox usually get sick only 1 time, after which there is a strong immunity. But sometimes she become infected again. The incubation period is 1 to 3 weeks. In children the disease is mild in adults may be severe fever, chills, headache, and sometimes nausea.

Sometimes in babies rashes appear without any additional symptoms. First, in the skin of red spots, which then turn into papules filled with clear liquid.

Often there is a strong itch, but comb the skin is impossible, and will remain scars. New elements of the rash may appear 3 to 8 days, then the recovery begins.

2. Tuberculosis


Chronic disease that may develop after contact with sick people or animals and birds. If a person has reduced immunity, the body can't fight off the bacteria.

The symptoms can be different, depends on clinical form. But over time, all patients appear weakness, they lose weight, lose appetite, sweat constantly.

With the defeat of lungs is a cough that does not work to cure it. Running tuberculosis is difficult to handle. Therefore, children regularly do a Mantoux test, and adults are asked to undergo chest x-rays in order to diagnose and cure.

1. Polio


Because of this viral infection in the child can develop paralysis that can lead to disability or death. There are several types of polio. In most cases, be found visceral form. The patient may appear fever, headache, abdominal pain and diarrhea, but after 3-7 days he fully recovers.

If it is a paralytic form, the disease resembles a common cold: sore throat, runny nose, fever. Then it starts to hurt the spine and extremities at 3-6 day the patient paralyzed legs. To prevent this dangerous disease, it is better to do a planned shot.

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