The first weapon, apparently, appeared at a time when people were not quite human. Even the Australopithecus or Pithecanthropus had to defend something from predatory animals, constantly trying to eat him (or, for example, knock on the head, careless fellow, to take away his food). So the stone or stick in the hands of our distant ancestor – the same, in fact, weapons.
Further – more. The more advanced people on a "historic scale", the more difficult (and deadly!) became weapons.
But now we are not talking about the latest novelties designed for modern military, and a fairly ancient kinds of different contraptions designed to inflict physical damage to the enemy. Or rather, is about the most outwardly unusual of them.
We used to think that in ancient times and during the middle ages used, in General, knives, swords, spears, axes, Yes bows and arrows. And now look how inexhaustible was the human imagination that dealt with the weapons.
Yawara is, in fact, the simplest knuckles without protection for the fingers. Medieval Japan was a very harsh place: ordinary peasants and artisans were here by anyone and attack them could (and had every right to) anyone.
And since metal was too expensive to have real weapons, the representatives of the lower strata of the population simply could not afford. And they found out that the usual wooden cylinder with a length of 12-15 cm and a diameter up to 3 cm perfectly fits in your hand.
But if the ends still and focus, combined with the Japanese technique of unarmed combat, it becomes quite a formidable bonded weapon (especially if you are aiming to beat in the centers of nerve fibers, ligaments or tendons). At the most prosaic version, yawara originated from regular of the pistil, which pounded grain.
Frequenters of the salons of the late 1980s – early 1990s (which is quite often were movies-adventure about a ninja) must have seen this type of weapon. In fact, it is also a kind of brass knuckles, worn on the hand and representing the claws of the metal attached to the metal strip.
Be used they can in several ways, depending on how the tekko-Kagi is attached to the arm: if he had worn the claws on the inside of the palm, they could discourage or block the enemy's sword, climb using them to the wood or to penetrate the clay wall, and deploy it, etc.; well if external, the claws can be used in the manner of a Wolverine, inflicting multiple stabbing and cutting wounds to your opponent (especially when those claws were long and straight).
In fact, the naginata was invented by the Chinese, but the most widespread this kind of weapon got, again, in Japan. It represents a shortened (on average 50-70 cm) and slightly curved blade, similar to the classic (but more massive) Japanese sword mounted on a long (150-180 cm) shaft.
The naginata was used as regular infantry (first, it is possible to not let the enemy too close, and second, on the contrary, to reach amprenavira enemy) and the more noble warriors, they cut it in the battle of the legs of enemy horses.
In addition, in peacetime, these weapons are used to protect your home women of the samurai class. In XVII-XVIII centuries, all women from samurai families were required by the age of 18 to own naginata to perfection.
SAI is a traditional weapon of the Okinawan people. According to one version, it is derived from fresh agricultural tools, which is convenient to carry bales of hay. According to another, those little "forks"-the Trident was the weapon initially.
They were used (like "battle claws"), depending on the situation: so, they could block and twist out of the hands of the enemy a long knife or sword, or to use one or two SAI as piercing (bonder) weapons, and if you grind the side teeth, and cutting.
Finally, SAE can be attached to the shaft and used as spears"sharpening", or just rave. By the way, this weapon is very convenient to carry: it can be outdo and not be afraid to lose, because he firmly locks the prongs.
And again the Japanese "know-how". (Yeah... I Loved those guys to maim enemies in a variety of ways). Kusarigama – this is a fairly massive sickle connected to a long chain with shock sinker-a weight (it can be of different shapes including spikes).
There is an opinion that this weapon has appeared as required: individually, all its component parts – simple agricultural tools, and so armed dismantled kusarigama people did not arouse suspicion (after all, in fact, Japanese peasants to have weapons is strictly forbidden).
But you can use it was, again, universal: blowing snow enemy by a weight on a chain; toss the hammer, then pull back over the chain (especially useful to do it from the wall); to entangle the opponent with a chain and hit with a hammer, etc.
5. The ping
But the ping – African weapons. It was used in the territory of Nubia (the territory of present-day Sudan and southern Egypt) warriors tribe azanda.
In fact, this kind of "non-returnable" boomerang, who used a very similar method: the ping of metal horizontally in the direction of the enemy line, and since this throwing knife has a specific shape and several blades (usually three), that he bad saved even shields, the ping would jump to the side of a nearby warrior or proviruses over the edge of the shield, can hurt the owner.
By the way, thanks to the "configuration" it comfortable to wear on the shoulder. And actually, the ping used often, only when was exhausted all the spears and arrows (because the metal is expensive).
Urumi, translates literally as "twisted blade". This Indian weapon is a kind of very flexible (and very long – from 1.5 to 6 meters) sword that you can discreetly be worn under clothing in the form of a belt.
Externally, urumi – just a thin steel strip with a hole at the end, attached to a wooden handle. It can be wrapped around the waist and "zip" on the same hole.
Of course, to handle these weapons very difficult, because you can cause serious damage to myself (especially when used in constrained environment).
So it was never widespread. But the master, who owned urumi in perfection, were considered great warriors, as this weapon (and sometimes it had up to 10-12 blades at once) very difficult to defend.
Scissor is, at the same time, and "specialty" Roman Gladiator, and the weapons with which he fought. Scissor consisted of either two small sword on one arm, or a special metal tube with a handle inside, which was worn on the forearm of a Gladiator from the wrist to the elbow.
At the end of this scissor had broad semi-circular blade on a long pin. Protected scissored hand Gladiator could block enemy attacks, and blade to put not very deep, but heavily bleeding wounds (easy slitting of the arteries). In the other hand it could be an ordinary sword-blade, which is also actively indulged in the course.
Remember "Xena – the warrior Princess"? Her favorite weapon was just chakra (aka root chakra). Although, of course, the big question is, where Xena took (in Ancient Greece) of Indian arms. Besides her it was forked in flight.
In fact, the chakras is simply a flat metal ring with a diameter of 12 to 30 cm, light enough and have honed to a state of razor the outer edge.
It whirled on the index finger, and then a sharp movement sent towards the enemy (in big battles it was done at the same time 200-300 soldiers).
Chakra flew for a distance of 50 meters and was able to cause the enemy quite a lot of damage, causing the unprotected part of the body deep cuts. Wore it (often from several pieces) of the head piece or the crook of the elbow.
Qatar – the Indian dagger with an h-shaped handle that ensures a very secure grip in the hand of the fighter (even if it has become wet from sweat or blood).
Was intended for applying a direct and strong piercing punches, piercing any ancient armor. Blade Qatar often, it was straight and double-edged (but there were swords with a wavy edge, or even in the form of "flame"), length from 8cm to a meter.
In addition, there were the Cathars the special design, the special lever on the handle: when you click on it ejected two sharpened side of the blade.
Three blade was not only three times more effective in battle by themselves, dealing more damage, but also very intimidating effect on the enemy, appearing suddenly "out of nowhere".