Since 2001, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is an annual list of 10 technologies that will become a breakthrough in the current year and publish it in your publication.
This time the editors decided to compile the top 10 to invite bill gates, billionaire and founder of Microsoft.
As he noted, it was very difficult to choose only 10 things, as the really important achievements, much more.
10. A Burger without a cow
According to rough estimates, in 2050 the Earth will be 9.8 billion people, and the amount of meat consumed compared to 2005 will increase by 70%.
Considering the cost of natural resources necessary for the production of meat, our planet can not sustain. Here come to the aid of meat made in a lab.
It is produced by muscle fiber animals that are grown in bioreactors. At the moment it is already a reality, but scientists are not yet able to give such meat normal taste, but close.
9. Sanitation without sanitation
Now around 2.3 billion people worldwide do not have access to adequate sanitation, forcing them to dump waste into the environment.
This not only leads to pollution but also contributes to the spread of viruses and parasites that can cause diarrhea and cholera.
Create accessible toilet with function of recycling will solve these problems, and now scientists are actively working on it.
It is noteworthy that this project had a hand himself bill gates: back in 2011, he launched the competition to build the toilet, in which waste will be immediately obrabatyvayutsya and several independent teams submitted viable prototypes and ideas.
8. Trap carbon dioxide
Excess carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is one of the possible causes of global warming. To avoid it, necessary this century to get rid of 1 trillion tons of this gas in the atmosphere, which is very expensive.
That is why gaining popularity projects aimed at cheaper and more practical solution to the problem.
For example, a startup Carbon Engineering Harvard climate scientist David Keith has been creating synthetic fuels, in which carbon dioxide acts as a key element. Bill gates, by the way, is an investor in this startup.
7. "Smooth" speaking virtual assistants
Virtual assistants like Siri or Alice is a great achievement, but calling it perfect is that it is impossible. Despite the advancement of technology, virtual assistants adequately recognize a limited set of commands, and because you want more.
Of course, the level of intelligent machines like the TARSUS from "Interstellar" to speak still early, but Google Duplex is already able to receive phone calls from all sorts of spammers, or they can book you a table in the restaurant.
6. ECG on your wrist
Modern fitness trackers are quite limited devices terms of health-tracking: weakened strap or a wrong move can give an erroneous picture.
However, bracelets have already begun to embed sensors ECG: in 2017, was created this strap for the Apple Watch. The problem is that the wrist gadgets have only 1 sensor, then the ECG device 12.
Most experts (including bill gates) agree that it will change soon, and a fitness bracelets will be able to diagnose heart failure without a visit to the clinic.
5. Individual cancer vaccines
Cancers have unique mutations that scientists have already learned to recognize. Now leading doctors are working to teach this medicine.
If you succeed, then with the introduction of the human vaccine will command the body's immune system to destroy cancer cells and properly defining their type.
Unlike chemotherapy, which causes great damage to healthy cells, the drug will deal exclusively with patients.
4. The intestinal probe in the tablet
Modern methods of screening of the stomach using an endoscope are uncomfortable, especially if we are talking about newborns.
The engineer, William Tierney, of Boston plans to soon solve this problem by creating devices to test bowel the size of a pill. They will be embedded miniature microscopes, and for power and image transmission to an external monitor will be used filamentary wire.
These capsules will allow you to take pictures of the intestine with no discomfort and even the biopsy tissue.
3. Prediction of preterm infants
According to statistics, every 10th baby is born preterm, so scientists have been trying to develop a method to predict the birth of such children.
Bioengineer Stephen Quake of Stanford University for close to a breakthrough: it allows to identify the risk of premature birth by a blood test, and this procedure will cost only about $ 10 in a single analysis.
2. A new wave of nuclear power
The fission reactors of generation IV, which started to appear last year, are usually small in size and huge power that until recently seemed to be something beyond.
Conventional nuclear reactor produces about 1,000 megawatts of power, while the new generation devices can produce tens of thousands of MW. This reduces not only the cost but also the damage caused to the environment.
1. Flexible robots
One of the main problems of robotics is the inability of the machines to work correctly with the surrounding world and the objects in it. The robot is able to move the object from place to place, but should the subject move and the robot will miss the air with his mechanical limbs.
So far, no one has managed to invent technology that would be able to teach the technique to see and understand the physics of the objects, but soon things can change.
So, engineers startup Dactyl managed to make the mechanical arm rotate the cube randomly in the simulated environment, which is a significant breakthrough toward the goal.