- 1. Anita Luz "Gentlemen prefer blondes"
- 2. John Updike "Rabbit, run"
- 3. Ernest Hemingway's "Fiesta (the sun also rises)"
- 4. William Faulkner "Noise and fury"
- 5. Francis Scott Fitzgerald "The Great Gatsby"
- 6. Vladimir Nabokov "Lolita"
- 7. Jack Kerouac "on the road"
- 8. William Golding "Lord of the flies"
- 9. Marcel Proust "towards the Swan"
- 10. Herman Melville "Moby Dick"
Reading those or other works of literature, not all of us are thinking about how they are issued.
Often readers are not even aware that the writers who created the brilliant novel or the story must not just because their work is not liked for one reason or another, the publishers, and they refuse to publish it.
In this article you will find 10 important novels, which at first nobody wanted to print.
10. Herman Melville "Moby Dick"
The Creator of one of the best works of American romanticism appealed for help in "Bentley Son" (English publisher) that had a positive reputation.
However, the editor rejected the writer in the publication of his manuscripts. He felt that the novel has commercial potential. After this refusal, Melville was faced with many others and tried my luck again in where to go for the first time.
The manuscript fell into the hands of another employee of the publisher, he agreed to publish it, but the writer had to pay some costs for its release on their own.
9. Marcel Proust "towards the Swan"
This novel is part of the cycle of works "In search of lost time". Today he is considered one of the best examples of modernist prose.
But when the author came to the publishing house "Editions Gallimard" with the offer to print his work, he refused. Also refused to publish his book and three other major French publishers.
Then Proust decided to print the novel at his own expense in 1913. The product was a success among readers.
His next book, the publishing house "Editions Gallimard" took a seal without any problems and it has paid off in 1919 the writer became the winner of the Prix Goncourt.
8. William Golding "Lord of the flies"
The author of the allegorical novel "Lord of the flies" was rejected in the publication of about 20 times. For example, one of the largest English publishing "Penguin Books" gave the book a rather rude opinion, talking about it doesn't make sense.
Not really believing in luck, the future winner of awards in the field of literature sent her work to another publisher, which not only agreed to print the novel, but offer the author a contract.
7. Jack Kerouac "on the road"
The novel, which subsequently became the sample of the literature of the beat generation, have repeatedly been rejected by numerous publications, although its author was very upset after the failure of the staff member "Alfred A. Knopf", as he wanted to print them, that all changed after his meeting with Tom Ginsburg.
The head of the "Viking Press" Kerouac helped to edit the manuscript, which was printed in 1957.
Over time the novel became one of the most sold repeatedly included in lists like "100 best novels" by the various magazines and other publications.
6. Vladimir Nabokov "Lolita"
The book became one of the most important in the work of Vladimir Nabokov. Was written in 1953, most publishers, including the "Viking Press" immediately refused to print it, citing its refusal to fear to be imprisoned if they publish it.
In the end, it was released in 1955, "Olympia Press" (published in France), which said that it specializiruetsya on the publication of works of an erotic nature and not of the best quality.
The novel received mixed perception, many literary critics have tried to tear it apart. But today work is appreciated in many countries, the author himself called it a serious book.
5. Francis Scott Fitzgerald "The Great Gatsby"
The fate of the novel "the Great Gatsby" was not easy. In 1923 he showed the work to his friend, who was concurrently the editor, he immediately showed the writer that we need in the novel to correct and to bring to mind.
The work was very laborious. Finally, the publishing house "Charles Scribners Sons" agreed to print it. Special glory after the publication of the he author to no avail.
The popularity and recognition the book received after the death of Fitzgerald, when it was reissued.
4. William Faulkner "Noise and fury"
The fourth novel of William Faulkner was printed is not immediately. First, the author was approached with the offer to publish his work in the "Harcourt", which was published many other literary figures, but was refused.
After that, the writer brought his creation to "Jonathan Cape". The book was released in 1929. The author has signed a contract with this publisher and they have released four more of her works.
3. Ernest Hemingway's "Fiesta (the sun also rises)"
The work was printed in 1926 year, "Charles Scribner''s Sons", before it was rejected in "Peacock and Peacock".
Young Hemingway was fortunate to meet with Maxwell Perkins, who was the editor and friend of Fitzgerald. He was able to appreciate the book a beginner's dignity, for her to come up with interesting ad campaign that she was liked by the readers and was sold well.
2. John Updike "Rabbit, run"
Employees of Random House was not allowed the creation of Updike in the print, considering that the actions in this overly at odds with the real look and beyond.
Did not like the work and "Alfred A. Knopf", but its editors decided to publish a book, telling the author to clean too explicit scenes.
Reviews for the novel have been different, for example, in Ireland it was banned, considering that it is a propaganda of sexual relations outside of marriage.
However, according to the magazine "Time" work was included in the top 100 from 1923 to 2005.
1. Anita Luz "Gentlemen prefer blondes"
"Charles Scribner''s Sons" in 1925, refused to publish the novel Anita Luz, which by this time was an icon of feminism.
Then the writer took his work to their competitors, "Boni Liveright", which had previously published books by Theodore Dreiser and other famous authors.
The novel was released in print, the edition was sold out in a matter of days, and in 1953 on his motives, the film was released, in which the main role was played by Marilyn Monroe.