On the world political map of the world there are about 250 officially recognized as independent States. Among them there are mighty powers that have a significant weight in various international organizations and taking an active part in the life of other States. As a rule, these States have a relatively large area (e.g., Russia) and population (China).
Along with the giants, there are a very small state, with an area less than 500 km2, and the number of the persons comparable to the population of a small town. However, some of these countries play a very significant role. Such, for example, is the state of the Vatican city – the religious center for Catholics, which is headed by the Pope.
As you may have guessed, today we have prepared a rating of the smallest countries in the world, the main criterion for the distribution of seats is the area of the territory occupied by the state.
10. Grenada is344 square kilometers
Grenada – an island state with a constitutional monarchy. Located in the Caribbean sea. Was first discovered by Columbus, in the 14th century. In the agricultural sector grow bananas, citrus, nutmeg, which are subsequently exported to other countries. Grenada is a tax haven. Through the provision of offshore financial services, the country's Treasury annually $ 7.4 million
9. The Maldives is298 sq km
The Republic of Maldives located in the archipelago, which consists of more than 1100 Islands in the Indian ocean. The Maldives are one of the best resorts in the world, therefore, along with fishing, the major share of the economy is the service sector (about 28% of GDP). There are all conditions for a perfect holiday: beautiful nature with a mild climate, clean beaches. The abundance of different species of animals, among which there are almost no dangerous. The presence of beautiful underwater caves, stretching along the whole archipelago, which will be a boon for tourists interested in diving.
Interesting fact: in this cluster of Islands there are no rivers or lakes.
8. Saint Kitts and Nevis261 sq km
Saint Kitts and Nevis – Federation, located on two Islands in the Eastern Caribbean sea. The size of territory and population, this state is the smallest country in the Western hemisphere. The climate is tropical. Thus, on the Islands, is very rich in flora and fauna. The main branch giving a large part of revenue – tourism (70% of GDP). Agriculture is poorly developed, mostly grown sugar cane. For the modernization of agriculture and industry in the country launched the “Citizen by investment”, through which you can obtain citizenship by paying $ 250-450 thousand
Interesting: citizenship in this country has Pavel Durov (founder of Vkontakte social network).
7. The Marshall Islands is181 sq km
Marshall Islands (Republic), located in the Pacific ocean. The country is located in the archipelago, which includes 29 atolls and 5 Islands. The climate on the Islands is different, from tropical in the South to semiarid in the North. Flora and fauna has been greatly altered by man, in particular, was heavily influenced by the nuclear tests conducted by the United States in 1954. Therefore, the Islands are not typical for this area plants were planted to replace others. The main sector is the service sector. Products produced in agriculture, for the most part is used for own needs within the country. Georgia's low taxes that allows you to create an offshore zone. Due to poor infrastructure and the high cost of transport (flight to the Islands), tourism is at an early stage of development.
6. Liechtenstein is160 sq km
The Principality of Liechtenstein is located in Western Europe, borders with Switzerland and Austria. Although this state is a small area, it is very beautiful. Beautiful mountain scenery, because the country is in the Alps, also in the Western part of the state flows the largest river of Europe – the Rhine. The Principality of Liechtenstein technologically developed state. In the country there are companies engineering. Also, Liechtenstein is one of the largest financial centres in the world, with highly developed banking services. The country has a very high standard of living and well-being. GDP per capita is the state ranked second in the world after Qatar, with the amount of 141 000 thousand dollars. Liechtenstein is a Prime example that even such a small country can exist with dignity and to occupy a significant place in world politics and Economics.
5. San Marino61 sq km
The Republic of San Marino is located in southern Europe and is bordered on all sides by Italy. San Marino is the oldest European state formed in the 3rd century. This country is in a mountainous area, 80% of the territory lies on the Western slope of Monte Titano. The old buildings and the Monte Titano belongs to the world heritage of UNESCO. The basis of the economy – production, which gives 34% of GDP, also plays an important role the services sector and tourism.
4. Tuvalu is26 square kilometers
The state Tuvalu is situated on a cluster of atolls and Islands (9) and is located in the Pacific Ocean. The climate of this country is tropical with a pronounced rainy seasons and droughts. Often, through the Islands are devastating cyclones. The flora and fauna of this state is quite poor and is represented mainly imported to the Islands animals pigs, cats, dogs, and plants – coconut palms, bananas, breadfruit. The economy of Tuvalu, like other countries in Oceania, mostly in the public sector, and to a small extent agriculture and fisheries. Also, Tuvalu is among the poorest countries in the world.
3. Nauru21,3 sq. km
Nauru is a coral island in the Pacific ocean and is the smallest Republic in the world. In this country, no capital, which also makes it unique. The island's climate is quite hot, with high humidity. One of the main problems of this country is the shortage of fresh water. In the same way as in Tuvalu, flora and fauna are very scarce. The main source of replenishment of the Treasury for a long time was the extraction of phosphate (at that time the country belonged to the richest countries in the world with a high GDP), but since the 90-ies the level of production began to decline, and with it the welfare of the population. According to some estimates, the reserves of phosphates was supposed to last until 2010. In addition, the development of phosphorites has caused irreparable damage to the Geology and ecosystem of the island. Tourism is not developed, due to strong contamination of the country.
2. Monaco2,02 sq km
Certainly, many have heard about this country, thanks to the city of Monte Carlo and its famous casino. Monaco is next to France. Also, fans of sports, in particular racing, this country is known because of the ongoing championship of Truly-1 “Gran-at Monaco”. Tourism is one of the main sources of income of this tiny state, along with the construction and sale of real estate. Also, due to the fact that in Monaco, very low taxes, and there is a strict guarantee of Bank secrecy, are willing to keep their savings wealthy people from around the world.
Noteworthy: Monaco is the only state in which the number of regular troops (82) is smaller than in a military orchestra (85 people).
1. Vatican city0.44 sq km
Vatican city – the leader of the rating, is the smallest country in the world. This city-state located within Rome. The Vatican is the residence of the Supreme leadership of the Roman Catholic Church. The citizens of this state are subjects of the Holy see. Vatican city has a non-profit economy. The main part of budget funds account for donations. Also, remittances to the Treasury coming from the tourism sector – payment for visits to museums, sale of Souvenirs, etc. the Vatican played a significant role in the settlement of military conflicts, calling for the preservation of peace.
There is a perception that the smallest country in the world – the order of Malta, with an area of 0.012 km2, because it has all the necessary attributes to be called a state (its own currency, passports, etc.), but its sovereignty is not recognized by all members of the world community.
It should be noted that there is a so-called Principality of Sealand (with English – sea-land), an area of 550 sq. m is Located is a state on the platform near the coast of great Britain. But since the sovereignty of that state was not recognized by any country of the world in our rating it is not horrible.
The smallest country of Eurasia – Vatican city – 0.44 sq km.
The smallest country of the African continent, Seychelles is 455 sq. km.
The smallest country of the North American continent is Saint Kitts and Nevis – 261 sq km.
The smallest country of South America – Suriname – 163 821 sq. km.