Mushrooms since ancient times, people began to eat. They are not only among the most delicious food, but also the most satisfying. But not all macromycetes are equally useful and may be suitable for use. Some species pose a serious danger to the human body due to high toxicity.
To avoid becoming a victim of fungi that are dangerous to life and health, we suggest to familiarize with the list which includes the most poisonous mushrooms in the world.
10. Empalot maslinovye
Empalot olive opens the top ten most poisonous mushroom on the planet. The mushroom has a bright orange color. The locus of European forests are considered. It grows normally on old, rotten stumps. In addition to attractive appearance, these mushrooms smell very good. But their use in foods is extremely dangerous for health. Poisoning is manifested as disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. People experiencing nausea, vomiting and diarrhea, resulting in dehydration.
9. Russula burning
Russula burning is one of the most poisonous mushrooms in the world. Despite the high toxicity, cases of lethal outcome was not revealed. Conditionally edible with proper treatment. The taste of this Russula bitter, with a pronounced sharpness. When used in large quantities it causes a malfunction of the gastrointestinal tract. Manifest such signs of poisoning, such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and General weakness.
8. Amanita pantherina
Amanita pantherina is one of the most poisonous mushrooms in the world known to man. His hat has a white color with cream shade and white dots in the warts. Highly poisonous mushroom is similar in composition with bleached. When the intoxication has a number of similar symptoms in cases of poisoning bleached: headaches, tachycardia, blurred vision, speech disorder, hallucinations, and seizures. When hit with a large dose into the body of Amanita pantherina comes death.
7. Politini wrinkled
Politini wrinkled one of the ten most dangerous fungi for health and human life. A locus is considered to be North-West America. These macromycetes have similarities with psilocybin, which is used as a medicinal decoction. Unlike the last Politini wrinkled has a very strong toxicity and can lead to death. If swallowed, a person develops liver failure. This leads to General intoxication and death.
Zelenushka settled in sixth place among the most poisonous mushrooms. The name is derived from its green color. Long considered conditionally edible mushroom. But recent studies have shown that regular consumption of greenfinches developed acute renal failure. Poisoning is manifested as weakness, cramps, General pain.
5. Lineopen sulfur-yellow
Lineopen sulfur-yellow is one of the most poisonous mushrooms in the world. Grow these dangerous macromycetes in the woodlands. Usually do not grow singly, but are most often seen in groups, adhering to dead stumps and roots of trees. Smooth the hat has a bright yellow color with a brownish tinge in the center. After eating in a few hours, manifested the first symptoms of poisoning in the form of vomiting, diarrhea and pain in his side. This kind of can cause kidney failure, which threatens a fatal outcome.
4. The pig-face thin
The pig-face thin ranks fourth in the list of the most poisonous mushrooms. Otherwise the name sounds, kakorinov roll because of the colors and shapes. Long been considered edible. But recent studies have shown that with periodic use in food, substances contained in the fungus destroys blood cells leukocytes. Symptoms can occur immediately after ingestion. The pig-face thin causes General malaise, vomiting, nausea. After some time the person starts a fever, then develops kidney failure, which threatens a fatal outcome. Signs of poisoning can occur for a long period, and in two weeks death occurs.
3. Purple ergot
Purple ergot opens the three most life-threatening fungi. This unusual fungus is parasitic on some cereal. It is called uterine horns. A huge number of different alkaloids in ergot can cause spasms and cramps in humans. In some cases a mental disorder and disturbance of oculomotor function. When injected large doses of ergot in the body leads to the death of a person. In the Middle ages, people often died from eating bread that was made from the infected grain. Modern methods have allowed almost completely get rid of this ergot.
2. Amanita Ocreata
The form of the mushroom Amanita Ocreata occupies the second place among the most poisonous mushrooms in the world. It is also called as the angel of death. Distributed in North America in oak forests. This species has a yellowish color with a brown tint in the center of the cap. When hitting even small particles of the fungus in the body causes severe poisoning with pronounced symptoms: flank pain, vomiting, sometimes with blood, diarrhea and other Symptoms for several days. Full recovery is possible after 1-2 weeks. Hazardous substances included in the composition of this mushroom destroys the liver and kidneys.
1. Pale toadstool
Cracker — the most poisonous mushroom in the world. These mushrooms have a yellow-green color with a white rim. Common in European forests with broad-leaved trees. If swallowed, affects such vital organs as the liver and kidneys. This often leads to death. This species is so poisonous that it is not recommended to touch it with bare hands and should avoid contact with fungi collected for food. Symptoms of poisoning can occur gradually over several days. Poisoned persecuted cramps, dizziness, vomiting, and diarrhea. This period is the destruction of the above bodies. At the first signs of poisoning should immediately seek medical help. This also applies to toxicity to other mushrooms that were in our list.