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The biggest whales in the world


On our planet lives of tens of thousands of species of animals, but only some of them have impressive dimensions. Animals live everywhere on land, in the air, underground and in water. At the last place of residence of living beings we dwell. Since childhood everyone knows that whales are the biggest animals living in the aquatic environment. But few people realize that among them, too, there are incomparable giants. Introducing the reader information on what are the biggest whales in the world.

10. Minke whales MinkeLength 10.7 metres

Top of the world's largest whale opens with a small whale of the family plastikovyh. An animal that feeds on plankton and small fish, has fins and belly are white, and dark grey upper body color. A distinctive feature of the minke whale are its white stripes on the back of the head.

Inhabits the waters of both Northern and southern hemisphere. Length of the largest specimens reached up to 10.7 metres.

Leader in the number of minke whales annually produced is the "land of the Rising sun" — Japan. Whaling is approximately 900 individuals. On the second and third places were Norway and Iceland respectively.

9. Northern smooth whaleLength from 13 to 17 meters

This kind of family of baleen whales distributed in the Northern waters of the Atlantic ocean. Individuals with a length of 13 to 17 meters, a mass greater than 100 tons. A distinctive feature of the kit is the lack of the dorsal fin. Animal, black color, occupying the 9th place in the top of the biggest whales in the world, has a large number of parasites on his body. Especially is teeming with them the forehead of a mammal.

The speed of movement of the whale is not more than 8 km/h. as a result, he becomes an easy prey for humans. Is currently on the verge of extinction. The number of surviving whales does not exceed 300 individuals.

8. Humpback whaleLength 17-18 meters

Another animal of our rankings of the largest whales in the world, from the family plastikovyh. It got its name because of the dorsal fin in the shape of a hump. The largest individuals of this species reach a size of 17-18 metres. The weight does not exceed 50 tons. Keith's specific shape and color of the body, very long pectoral fins (30% of whole body), and a large tail fin. The species is distributed throughout the world's oceans except the Arctic. In Russia, found only in a small part of the Barents sea.

7. South smooth kitLength 18 meters

Another view of the family of baleen whales. Animals, measuring 18 metres and weighing up to 80 tons, have a color ranging from dark brown to blue-black. A distinctive feature of southern right whales are growths under the jaw and above the eyes. The size of the head is 1/3 the size of the body. Missing dorsal fin. Females of the southern Atlantic right whale is physically larger than males.

Animals, which are one of the biggest whales in the world, inhabit the southern ocean (temperate and Subpolar latitudes).

For a long time this species was under threat but, at present, the number of individuals exceeds more than 7 000.

6. Japanese whaleLength of 19 meters

This species of whale is not distinguishable from the smooth North Atlantic, but it is larger. Especially large specimens reach the size of 19 m. the weight of the right whale does not exceed 80 tons. Individuals black color with a small dorsal fin feed on crustaceans. Swim slowly, but often like to jump out of the water. The birth rate of the Japanese whale low. Females give birth to one calf every three to four years. In doing so, they must have attained the age of 6-12 years. Inhabit the North Pacific, sometimes found off the coast of Mexico. Now the Japanese whale under threat of extinction. In the world there are 400 individuals of this species one of the largest animals in the world.

5. Sperm whaleLength 20 meters

Sperm whales live in groups numbering several dozen individuals. This species of mammal is pronounced sexual dimorphism, i.e. females are smaller, different shape of body, head. The largest specimens are males reach a length of 20 metres and weigh 50 tons. Females — 15 meters, 20 tons.

Mammal, occupying the middle of the rankings of the largest whales in the world, feeds on shellfish and squid, up to 14 - 18 feet in length. Considered aggressive animals, so hunting for it is very risky.

Habitat the sperm whale is distributed throughout the World ocean, except in the coldest areas.

4. SeyvalLength 20 meters

Species, reaching lengths of 20 meters and weight 30 tons, belongs to the family of whales. Dark grey whale with large dorsal fin feeds on shellfish, fish, congregating in flocks, and crustaceans. Lives Seyval more than 60 years. Puberty occurs in 5-7 years. Speeds over 25 km/h. habitat: all the World's oceans in areas with temperatures above 8 degrees, but below 26. In Russia this species is one of the biggest whales in the world can be found in the Kuril Islands and in the Barents sea (rare).

3. Bowhead whaleLength 18-22 meters

The most seasoned whale in the world live in the polar regions of the Arctic and off the coast of Greenland. Has a size of 18-22 meters and a body weight from 75 to 150 tons, depending on the sex of the animal. Mammal accelerates to 20 km/h is Immersed to a depth of 200 meters and can remain there for 40 minutes.

He lives about 40 years. Some individuals can be more than 100 years. The record lifespan of a Bowhead whale was 211 years old. Animal, located on the third line of the top of the biggest whales in the world, feeds on plankton and crustaceans.

2. FinLength 27 meters

Is the second largest animal in the world and the closest relative of the blue whale. Species living in the Northern and southern hemispheres, belongs to the family plastikovyh. The maximum length of the adult reaches 27 meters. The size of females greater than the size of the males, but their weight is about the same — 40 to 70 tons.

Animal back is dark grey and white tummy, prefers to live alone. But sometimes strays in flocks of up to 5-6 individuals. Is the fastest whale in the world. Its speed reaches 50 km/h is Immersed to a maximum depth of 230 metres.

1. The blue whaleLength of 33 meters

And here is the leader of our rankings of the largest whales in the world. Is the largest creature that has ever lived on the planet. Mammal, with a length of 33 meters and a body weight more than 150 tons, feed on plankton and small fish stevey.

Blue whales live alone. Sometimes gather in small groups, but even they float separately from each other. Live throughout the World's oceans. On average, individuals of blue whale live for about 80 years. The oldest officially recorded age of the animal was 110 years old. Currently, the blue whale is on the verge of extinction. And in the 60-ies of the last century was virtually destroyed. Scientists are doing everything possible to increase the size of the population. Now the number of mammals is 10,000 individuals.

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