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The biggest lakes of Russia

 

Our country boasts the largest reserves of fresh water, most of which is contained in lakes. Only one lake Baikal are concentrated 19% of total world reserves. Just within Russian Federation is about 2 million lakes with a total occupied area of over 700 sq km with consideration of the Caspian sea.

In the top 10 included the biggest lakes of Russia on the occupied square.

10. White lakeArea of 1.29 sq km

White lake opens a rating of the largest lakes in Russia and covers an area of 1.29 sq km, but because of the low shores, the area may vary during the year. The volume of water mass is dramatically increased in 1964 due to the construction of the Sheksna reservoir. Huge natural pit filled with water by means of seventeen major rivers. The total number of rivers and streams flowing into the lake about 60. The lake belongs to the Caspian sea, as the only river flowing from it flows into the Volga.

9. Vatsan Area of 2 thousand sq. km.

Vats is in ninth place in the list of the largest lakes located in the territory of the Russian Federation. Closed salt pond with an area of 2 thousand sq. km. Is located in the Barabinskaya lowland of the Novosibirsk region. The name of the lake comes from the Turkic "Chan", which means "the big vessel". On its territory there are about 70 Islands, the largest of which are Lezhan, Amelkin Mane, and Bear's Cap. Lives in Vats, 16 species of fish, including pike, perch, carp, silver carp and others.

8. The UVSArea of 3.3 thousand sq. km

The UVS is among the ten largest lakes of Russia with an area of 3.3 thousand sq. km length of the lake is 85 kilometers and the width is 80 km and the Part of the lake located on the territory of Mongolia, where the UBA-Nur is the largest body of water. Here is home to about 29 species of fish, of which only one is used for human food — Altai Osman.

7. Lake PeipusArea of 3.5 thousand sq. km.

Lake Peipus is situated at the seventh position among the largest reservoirs of Russia. Its total area is about 3.5 sq km Into the lake 30 waterways, and follows only the Narva river. The reservoir is located on the border of Russia and Estonia. On the territory of the Peipus lake there are 29 Islands with the occupied area of about 26 sq. km In the coastal area is an ornithological reserve "Pskov-Chudskoye lakeside lowland", which is a valuable reserve of rare species of plants and animals in the Baltic region.

6. KhankaArea of 4 thousand sq. km.

Sixth place in the top 10 of the biggest lakes of Russia goes to the lake Khanka. Its location is the border between Primorsky Krai, Russia and China, province of Heilongjiang. Khanka is the largest freshwater reservoir in the Far East, with an area of 4 thousand sq. km. flow Into the lake 24 waterways, among which the Mel'gunovka, komissarovka river Silt. Follows from hunks only one river, Sungacha. There is an international Russian-Chinese reserve Khankaisky.

5. TaimyrArea of 4.6 sq km

Taimyr is on the fifth place among the largest lakes of Russia in area. The biggest reservoir in the Krasnoyarsk region has an area equal to 4.6 thousand sq. km. feature is the fact that for 9 months the lake is under ice. To the local flora includes Arctic fish species, including brook trout, whitefish, whitefish and others. Local Islands serve as a nesting place for migratory birds — red-breasted geese and geese. In the Taimyr rivers flow into the Western, Northern, Upper taymyra, Bakura, and follows the lower Taimyr.

4. Lake Onega Area of 9.6 sq km

Fourth place in the ranking of the Onega lake with an area of 9.6 thousand square meters. km with a length of 245 km and a width of 91 kilometers. The reservoir is located on the territory of Karelia and Vologda and Leningrad regions. It runs about 50 rivers, and flows the only river — Svir. Within lake Onega has about 1,650 Islands with a total occupied area of 224 kilometers. The most famous is the Kizhi island, where the Museum-reserve of the same name. The inhabitants of the lake are 47 species of fish, among which are salmon, trout, sturgeon, perch, eel and others. Due to the habitat of valuable species of fish here fishing.

3. Lake LadogaArea is 18 thousand square km

Ladoga opens the three largest lakes of Russia. Is one of the largest freshwater reservoirs in Europe. Its area is about 18 sq km, and the maximum depth is 230 meters. From the South to the North of Ladoga lake stretches for about 219 kilometers from the West to the East 138 km fresh water reservoir flows about 40 rivers and streams, and flows the only river — Neva. Ladoga is located more than 600 Islands with a total area of 435 sq km the Largest of them are considered Riekkalansaari, Kilpola and Baal. In water depths there are 120 species of plants and is inhabited by 53 species of fish, of which the most valuable salmon, trout, perch and others. Here lives the Ladoga ringed seal, which is the only representative of the pinnipeds. The species is under protection and is listed in the Red book.

2. BaikalArea 31,7 sq km

Baikal occupies the second place in the ranking of the largest lakes in Russia. Is the deepest lake in the world and the largest natural reservoir of fresh water, which is about 19% of the world reserves. Its area is 31.7 thousand square kilometers and the depth is 1642 m. the Baikal, stretches 636 km long and 80 km wide. On its territory there are 27 Islands and peninsulas, the largest of them — the Holy Nose Peninsula. According to some, flows into it about 500 rivers and streams. The largest rivers flowing into Baikal are the Selenga, Upper Angara, Turka, Tyya, etc. Flows out of lake only river — Angara. The water in Baikal is very clear: at a depth of 40 meters visible flora and fauna of the pond. Here is a very rich fauna, represented 2600 species, among which about a thousand are endemic.

1. The Caspian seaArea of 371 thousand square km

Caspian sea — the name of this lake is already talking about its incredible size. The biggest lake of Russia has an area of 371 thousand square meters. km with a maximum depth in the South Caspian basin more than a thousand meters. Its length is 1.2 thousand km and a width of about 500 kilometers. It is also the largest closed reservoir in the world, which because of its size equate to the sea. The name of the lake was supposedly named after the tribes of the Caspians, who lived on the coast in ancient times. The Caspian sea is located at the junction of the continents of Europe and Asia. It flows about 130 rivers, including such major waterways like the Volga, the Sulak, the Samur, the Urals, etc. the Sea washes the shore from 5 countries: Russia, Kazakhstan, Iran, Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan. The flora and fauna of salt pond is very rich and has about 2 thousand representatives of the animal world and more than 700 species of plants.

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