We are bad to the planet that gave us life, feeds us and gives all the means for existence. People very often tries to turn his Shrine into a fetid cesspool. And usually it does. Forests are cut down and destroyed the animals, the rivers are polluted with toxic runoff and the oceans turn into garbage dumps.
Some of the cities we inhabit, like an illustration from a horror movie. In their multi-colored puddles, stunted trees and air saturated with toxic emissions. People in these cities live a short time, children get sick, and the smell of exhaust becomes familiar scent.
Our country is in this respect no different from other industrialized countries. City, where the development of chemical or any other hazardous industry, are a sad spectacle. We have compiled for you a list that includes the most dirty cities of Russia. Some of them can say that they are suffering present ecological disaster. But the authorities don't care, and the locals seem to have become accustomed to live in such conditions.
For a long time the most polluted city of Russia were considered Dzerzhinsk in the Novgorod region. In this village earlier produced chemical weapons, it was closed to the outside world. Over decades of such activity in the soil had accumulated so many chemical stuff that the locals rarely live up to 45 years. However, we make our list based on the Russian system of counting, and it only considers harmful substances in the atmosphere. Soil and water into account will not be accepted.
Opens our list of the city that all of its short history firmly associated with metallurgy, heavy industry and the exploits of the first five. The city is the Magnitogorsk metallurgical combine – the largest such enterprise in Russia. It accounts for most of the harmful emissions that poison the lives of citizens. All in all, the city's air annually gets about 255 thousand tons of harmful substances. Agree, a huge figure. The plant is equipped with numerous filters, but they help a little, concentration in the air of nitrogen dioxide, soot exceeds the norm several times.
On the ninth place in our list is another Siberian city. While the Angarsk and is considered to be quite safe, but the environmental situation here is sad. . Highly developed chemical industry. It is actively processed oil, a lot of engineering companies, they also harm the environment, and in addition, in Angarsk plant is located, which is engaged in processing uranium and spent fuel from nuclear power plants. The door to this factory and no one has yet added health. In the city's air every year gets 280 thousand tons of toxic substances.
In eighth place is another Siberian city, in an atmosphere which annually gets 290 thousand tons of harmful substances. Most of them are emitted by stationary sources. However, over 30% of emissions from cars. Don't forget that Omsk is a huge city with a population of more than 1.16 million people.
The industry began to flourish in Omsk after the war, as it was evacuated dozens of enterprises from the European part of the USSR. Now the city a large number of enterprises of ferrous metallurgy, the chemical industry and mechanical engineering. All of them pollute the city's air.
This city is one of the centers of Russian metallurgy. Many enterprises have obsolete equipment and seriously poison the air. The largest metallurgical enterprise in the city is Novokuznetsk iron and steel works, it is also the main polluter of the air. In addition, the region is quite developed coal industry, which also gives a lot of harmful emissions. The residents believe the bad ecological situation in the city – one of its main problems.
The city is the largest in Europe metallurgical combine (NLMK), which emits a huge amount of contaminants. Besides him, in Lipetsk there are several large companies that contribute to the deterioration of environmental conditions in the village.
Every year in the city's air gets 322 thousand tons of various pollutants. If the wind blows from the metallurgical plant, the air is a strong smell of hydrogen sulfide. However, it should be noted that in recent years, the company made certain steps to reduce harmful emissions, but the results yet.
On the fifth place in our list of the dirtiest cities of Russia is the Ural town. As is clear from the name of this town, it is mined and processed asbestos, and produces the calcium silicate bricks. Here is the world's largest factory that produces asbestos. And these companies have led the city to the brink of ecological disaster.
Annually emitted into the air more than 330 thousand tons of hazardous to human health substances, the majority of these emissions from stationary sources. 99% of them in one company. You can still add that asbestos dust is very dangerous and can cause cancer.
The city is home to chemical and metallurgical factories-giants "Cherepovets nitrogen", "Severstal" "Severstal-metiz", "ammophos". Every year they throw into the air, around 364 thousand tons of hazardous substances. The city has a large number of respiratory diseases, heart diseases and cancer.
The situation worsens especially in spring and autumn.
3. Saint Petersburg
On the third place of our list is the city of St. Petersburg, where no large industrial facilities or particularly hazardous industries. However, here the case is different: the city has a large number of vehicles and a large part of the emissions is vehicle exhaust.
The city incorrectly organized traffic, vehicles are often idling in traffic jams, poisoning the air. The share of road transport accounts for 92.8% of all harmful emissions into the air of the city. Every year in the air gets 488,2 thousands of tons of harmful substances and it is much more than in the cities with developed industry.
On the second place in terms of environmental pollution, is the capital of the Russian Federation – Moscow city. There are no large and dangerous industries, not coal or heavy metals, but every year into the air of a huge metropolis thrown away about 1000 thousand tons of harmful substances. The main source of these emissions are vehicles, they account for 92.5% of all harmful substances in the Moscow air. Especially strongly polluted the air machine during the hours of standing in traffic jams.
The situation is getting worse every year. If the situation will develop in the future, soon in the capital it will be impossible to breathe.
First on our list of the most polluted cities in Russia, with a very large margin is the city of Norilsk. This settlement, which is located in Krasnoyarsk region, has long been a leader among the most disadvantaged in terms of ecology Russian cities. It is recognized not only by domestic experts and foreign environmentalists. Many of them believe Norilsk an ecological disaster zone. In the last few years the city is included in the leaders of the most polluted areas on the planet.
The reason for this situation is quite simple: the city is home to the company "Norilsk Nickel", which is the main polluter. In 2010, was thrown into the air 1 923 900 tons of hazardous waste.
Research conducted several years ago showed that the level of heavy metals, hydrogen sulfide, sulfuric acid exceeds a safe level several times. Only the researchers counted 31 harmful substance, concentration of which exceeds the permitted limit. Plants and living creatures slowly die. In Norilsk the average life expectancy ten years less than the national average.The dirtiest city in Russia video: